Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 2011, Article ID 256106, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/256106
Research Article

Gas Chromatographic/Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Volatile Metabolites in Bovine Vaginal Fluid and Assessment of Their Bioactivity

1Department of Animal Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli 620 024, India
2Department of Animal Behaviour & Physiology, School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021, India

Received 7 April 2011; Revised 6 July 2011; Accepted 7 July 2011

Academic Editor: P. Haglund

Copyright © 2011 R. Sankar and G. Archunan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Z. T. Halpin, “Individual Odors among Mammals: Origins and Functions,” Advances in the Study of Behavior, vol. 16, no. C, pp. 39–70, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. J. Dominic, “Chemical communication in animals,” Journal of Science and Research, vol. 41, pp. 157–169, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  3. R. J. Beynon and J. L. Hurst, “Urinary proteins and the modulation of chemical scents in mice and rats,” Peptides, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 1553–1563, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. Archunan, “Pheromones: chemical signals for reproductive behaviour,” in Proceedings of the 28th conference of the Ethological Society of India, pp. 38–42, 2003.
  5. E. B. Keverne, “Pheromonal influence on the endocrine regulation of reproduction,” Trends in Neurosciences, vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 381–384, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. H. Sambraus and Z. Waring, “Effect of urine from oestrous cows on libido in bulls,” Zoologie Saugetterkd, vol. 40, pp. 49–54, 1975. View at Google Scholar
  7. K. RameshKumar, G. Archunan, R. Jeyaraman, and S. Narasimhan, “Chemical characterization of Bovine urine with special reference to oestrous cycle,” Veterinary Research Communications, vol. 24, pp. 445–454, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  8. R. Sankar and G. Archunan, “Occurrence of flehmen reaction in bull towards bovine (Bos taurus) oestrus urine,” in Proceedings of the 20th National Symposium the Society for Reproduction Biology and Comparative Endocrinology, Tiruchirappalli, India, January 2002.
  9. R. H. Foote, “Estrus detection and estrus detection aids,” Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 248–256, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. R. Klemm, G. N. Hawkins, and E. de Los Santos, “Identification of compounds in bovine cervico-vaginal mucus extracts that evoke male sexual behavior,” Chemical Senses, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 77–87, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. Rameshkumar and G. Archunan, “1- iodoundecane. An effective sex attractant from bovine estrus urine,” in Proceedings of the 20th national symposium the society for reproduction biology and comparative endocrinology, Truchirappalli, India, January 2002.
  12. S. Rajanarayanan and G. Archunan, “Occurrence of flehmen in male buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) with special reference to estrus,” Theriogenology, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 861–866, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. G. Singer, A. N. Clancy, F. Macrides, and W. C. Agosta, “Chemical studies of hamster vaginal discharge: male behavioral responses to a high molecular weight fraction require physical contact,” Physiology and Behavior, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 645–651, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. P. Signoret, “Sexual pheromones in the domestic sheep: Importance and limits in the regulation of reproductive physiology,” Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 639–645, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. Ma, B. A. Clement, and W. R. Klemm, “Cyclic changes in volatile constituents of bovine vaginal secretions,” Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 1895–1906, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Sankar and G. Archunan, “Flehmen response in bull: Role of vaginal mucus and other body fluids of bovine with special reference to estrus,” Behavioural Processes, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 81–86, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Nishimura, K. Utsumi, T. Okano, and A. Iritani, “Separation of mounting-inducing pheromones of vaginal mucus from estrual heifers,” Journal of Animal Science, vol. 69, no. 8, pp. 3343–3347, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. M. Paleologou, “Detecting oestrus in cows by a method based on bovine sex pheromones,” Veterinary Record, vol. 100, no. 15, pp. 319–320, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. A. Brennan, “The vomeronasal system,” Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 546–555, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. F. Walker, “Causes of copulatory failure in beef bulls,” Modern Veterinary Practice, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 252–256, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Kannan and G. Archunan, “Chemistry of clitoral gland secretions of the laboratory rat: assessment of behavioural response to identified compounds,” Journal of Biosciences, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 247–252, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. Hoverstad, A. Bjorneklett, O. Fausa, and T. Midtvedt, “Short-chain fatty acids in the small-bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome,” Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 492–499, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Sankar and G. Archunan, “Identification of putative pheromones in bovine (Bos taurus) faeces in relation to estrus detection,” Animal Reproduction Science, vol. 103, no. 1-2, pp. 149–153, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. L. Gorman, “A mechanism for individual recognition by odour in Herpestes auropunctatus (Carnivora: Viverridae),” Animal Behaviour, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 141–145, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. J. Welsh, R. E. Moore, R. J. Bartelt, and L. L. Jackson, “Novel, species-typical esters from preputial glands of sympatric voles, Microtus montanus and M. pennsylvanicus,” Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 143–158, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. F. Flood, S. R. Abrams, G. D. Muir, and J. E. Rowell, “Odor of the muskox—a preliminary investigation,” Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 2207–2217, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus