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International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 3512145, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3512145
Review Article

Recent Advances in the Synthesis and Stabilization of Nickel and Nickel Oxide Nanoparticles: A Green Adeptness

Institute of Chemistry, University of the Punjab, New Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan

Received 21 December 2015; Revised 16 May 2016; Accepted 24 May 2016

Academic Editor: Frantisek Foret

Copyright © 2016 Muhammad Imran Din and Aneela Rani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Green protocols for the synthesis of nanoparticles have been attracting a lot of attention because they are eco-friendly, rapid, and cost-effective. Nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles have been synthesized by green routes and characterized for impact of green chemistry on the properties and biological effects of nanoparticles in the last five years. Green synthesis, properties, and applications of nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles have been reported in the literature. This review summarizes the synthesis of nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles using different biological systems. This review also provides comparative overview of influence of chemical synthesis and green synthesis on structural properties of nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles and their biological behavior. It concludes that green methods for synthesis of nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles are better than chemical synthetic methods.