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International Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 348065, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2010/348065
Research Article

A Pilot Study of the Impact of NHS Patient Transportation on Older People with Dementia

1South West Yorkshire Partnerships NHS FoundationTrust, Block 9, Fieldhead Hospital, Ouchthorpe Lane, Wakefield WF1 3SP, UK
2University of Huddersfield, Old Age Psychiatry, South West Yorkshire Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, Calder Unit, Fieldhead Hospital, Ouchthorpe Lane, Wakefield WF1 3SP, UK
3Research & Development, West Yorkshire Mental Health R & D Consortium, Leeds Partnership Foundation NHS Trust, St. Mary's House, St. Mary's Road, Leeds LS7 3JX, UK
4Research & Effectiveness, The Mid Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Rowan House, Pinderfields General Hospital, Aberford Road, Wakefield WF1 4EE, UK
5Old Age Psychiatry, Harold Wilson Building, The University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield HD1 3DH, UK

Received 28 October 2009; Revised 24 March 2010; Accepted 1 April 2010

Academic Editor: George Grossberg

Copyright © 2010 Nicola Roberts et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. A pilot study using a mixed methodology was used to evaluate the effects of travelling on NHS Patient Transport Service ambulances on the experience of patients with dementia. The study assessed the feasibility of using Dementia Care Mapping in this setting and looked at the effects of the presence of designated staff teams on journeys, compared to journeys without such designated staff. Method. Dementia Care Mapping was used to observe and record participants' behaviour, mood, and engagement during their outward and return journeys to NHS hospital sites. Observations were analysed for themes relating to the effects of travelling on PTS across the two groups. Results and Conclusions. Participant's observed mood scores did not differ significantly across the two groups but the range of behaviours recorded on the escorted group journeys did and were reflective of formal care environments. The findings from this study highlight the importance of trained escorts on NHS PTS ambulances for people with dementia and provide important information regarding further research in this area.