Table 4: Life-cycle budget of the proposed LAS/LVS system.

ComponentPrice, k$Fraction, %

#LVS rockets26.672.8
LVS aeroshell + attach points, 5 reuses1.33.6
Traction cable, 100 reuses3.49.3
*Balloons, 200 reuses (160 k$/balloon [95])0.82.2
Traction motors cost, 10000 reuses (10 hp/$) [12]0.174.3
Coupling cost, 10000 reuses0.08
Variable frequency drivers, 10000 reuses0.08
Line protection equipment, 10000 reuses0.02
10 km high-power transmission line, 10000 reuses0.6
Antisagging masts, 10000 reuses0.4
Blocks cost, 1000 reuses0.1
3 km light railway for tension adjustment, 10000 reuses0.1
Technician salary, 2 men for 30 years (10000 launches)38.2
Total cost per launch36.5100
Cost per kg of payload to LEO, k$/kg5.2

*Require NASA superpressure high-endurance balloons or equivalent [96, 97].
#No. calculated using NASA cost model from [98] with 85% learning curve.