International Journal of Aerospace Engineering / 2013 / Article / Fig 2

Research Article

Numerical Simulation of Airfoil Aerodynamic Penalties and Mechanisms in Heavy Rain

Figure 2

(a) Mechanisms of mass, momentum, and energy transfers for the wall-film model; (b) the four impingement regimes included in the model; (c) simplified decision for wall interaction criterion.
590924.fig.002a
(a)
590924.fig.002b
(b)
590924.fig.002c
(c)

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