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International Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 2132941, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2132941
Research Article

A Simplified Mobile Ad Hoc Network Structure for Helicopter Communication

1Southeast University, School of Information Science and Engineering, Nanjing 210096, China
2Karary University, College of Engineering, Electrical and Computer Department, 12304 Khartoum, Sudan

Received 10 October 2015; Revised 30 January 2016; Accepted 7 February 2016

Academic Editor: Mohamed Gad-el-Hak

Copyright © 2016 Abdeldime Mohamed Salih Abdelgader et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There are a number of volunteer and statutory organizations who are capable of conducting an emergency response using helicopters. Rescue operations require a rapidly deployable high bandwidth network to coordinate necessary relief efforts between rescue teams on the ground and helicopters. Due to massive destruction and loss of services, ordinary communication infrastructures may collapse in these situations. Consequently, information exchange becomes one of the major challenges in these circumstances. Helicopters can be also employed for providing many services in rugged environments, military applications, and aerial photography. Ad hoc network can be used to provide alternative communication link between a set of helicopters, particularly in case of significant amount of data required to be shared. This paper addresses the ability of using ad hoc networks to support the communication between a set of helicopters. A simplified network structure model is presented and extensively discussed. Furthermore, a streamlined routing algorithm is proposed. Comprehensive simulations are conducted to evaluate the proposed routing algorithm.