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International Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 7856353, 13 pages
Research Article

Precise Orbit Determination of BDS MEO Satellites Based on Satellite TT&C Stations

1Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, China
2Collaborative Innovation Center of BDS Research Application, Zhengzhou, China
3Southwest China Research Institute of Electronic Technology, Chengdu, China

Received 15 September 2015; Revised 26 December 2015; Accepted 29 December 2015

Academic Editor: Hikmat Asadov

Copyright © 2016 Kezhao Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A novel method, which is based on the triple-frequency combination and Space-Based Telemetry, Tracking, and Command (STT&C) stations, is proposed in this paper. Considering BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) Geostationary Orbit (GEO) and Inclined Geostationary Orbit (IGSO) satellites as the STT&C facilities, firstly, we presented the BDS Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) satellites’ precise orbit determination scheme based on triple-frequency combination. Then, we gave the sufficient and necessary conditions about the visibility and the coverage rate calculation model of STT&C to BDS MEO satellite. And then we deduced the model of BDS MEO satellites precise orbit determination based on triple-frequency combination observations. At last, we designed the simulation calculation. The simulation results show that orbit determination of BDS MEO satellite based on STT&C station can be realized at all times. And most of the simulation period time, under the condition of the dm level orbit determination for GEO/IGSO satellites, the position accuracy of the relative orbit determination is better than 4 m, the horizontal accuracy of the relative orbit determination is within 2.5 m, and the vertical accuracy of the relative orbit determination is less than 3.5 m.