Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 1831676, 14 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1831676
Research Article

Design of Meteorological Element Detection Platform for Atmospheric Boundary Layer Based on UAV

1B-DAT, C-MEIC, CICAEET, School of Information and Control, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, China
2Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Correspondence should be addressed to Yunping Liu; nc.ude.tsiun@gnipnuyuil

Received 26 May 2017; Accepted 16 September 2017; Published 2 November 2017

Academic Editor: Hikmat Asadov

Copyright © 2017 Yonghong Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Among current detection methods of the atmospheric boundary layer, sounding balloon has disadvantages such as low recovery and low reuse rate, anemometer tower has disadvantages such as fixed location and high cost, and remote sensing detection has disadvantages such as low data accuracy. In this paper, a meteorological element sensor was carried on a six-rotor UAV platform to achieve detection of meteorological elements of the atmospheric boundary layer, and the influence of different installation positions of the meteorological element sensor on the detection accuracy of the meteorological element sensor was analyzed through many experiments. Firstly, a six-rotor UAV platform was built through mechanical structure design and control system design. Secondly, data such as temperature, relative humidity, pressure, elevation, and latitude and longitude were collected by designing a meteorological element detection system. Thirdly, data management of the collected data was conducted, including local storage and real-time display on ground host computer. Finally, combined with the comprehensive analysis of the data of automatic weather station, the validity of the data was verified. This six-rotor UAV platform carrying a meteorological element sensor can effectively realize the direct measurement of the atmospheric boundary layer and in some cases can make up for the deficiency of sounding balloon, anemometer tower, and remote sensing detection.