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International Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 4258020, 21 pages
Review Article

Multidisciplinary Design Optimization of Aerial Vehicles: A Review of Recent Advancements

Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping 58183, Sweden

Correspondence should be addressed to Athanasios Papageorgiou; es.uil@uoigroegapap.soisanahta

Received 1 February 2018; Accepted 6 May 2018; Published 23 May 2018

Academic Editor: Kenneth M. Sobel

Copyright © 2018 Athanasios Papageorgiou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this paper is to present the most common practices in multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) of aerial vehicles over the past decade. The literature sample is identified through established internet search engines, and a stringent review methodology is implemented in order to ensure the selection of the most relevant sources. In this work, the primary emphasis is on the assessment of the state-of-the-art framework development strategies, while at a secondary level, the objective is to identify the possible improvement directions by evaluating the research trends and gaps. As an additional contribution, statistical studies are also provided, and it is shown how MDO of aerial vehicles has evolved in terms of problem formulation, disciplinary modeling, analysis capabilities, tool implementation, and general applicability. Given this foundation as well as the results of the review, this work concludes by presenting a roadmap for guiding academia and industry in respect to the application of MDO on aerial vehicles. Overall, the roadmap together with the literature review is not only expected to serve as a guide for newcomers into the MDO field but also as an elementary basis which will allow researchers to conduct additional studies in this important and constantly evolving area of design.