Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2009, Article ID 624035, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/624035
Research Article

Sunflower Array Antenna with Adjustable Density Taper

1International Research Centre for Telecommunications and Radar (IRCTR), Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 4, P.O. Box 5031, 2628 GA Delft, The Netherlands
2European Space Agency, ESA-ESTEC, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands
3Thales Alenia Space, 26 Avenue J. F. Champollion, 31037 Toulouse, Cedex 1, France

Received 24 September 2008; Accepted 5 January 2009

Academic Editor: Stefano Selleri

Copyright © 2009 Maria Carolina Viganó et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Cailloce, G. Caille, I. Albert, and J. M. Lopez, “A Ka-band direct radiating array providing multiple beams for a satellite multimedia mission,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Phased Array Systems and Technology, pp. 403–406, Dana Point, Calif, USA, May 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. G. Toso, C. Mangenot, and A. G. Roederer, “Sparse and thinned arrays for multiple beam satellite applications,” in Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '07), pp. 1–4, Edinburgh, UK, November 2007.
  3. M. C. Viganó, G. Toso, S. Selleri, C. Mangenot, P. Angeletti, and G. Pelosi, “GA optimized thinned hexagonal arrays for satellite applications,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Antennas and Propagation International Symposium, pp. 3165–3168, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, June 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. G. Caille, Y. Cailloce, C. Guiraud, D. Auroux, T. Touya, and M. Masmousdi, “Large multibeam array antennas with reduced number of active chains,” in Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP '07), pp. 1–9, Edinburgh, UK, November 2007.
  5. H. Unz, “Linear Arrays with arbitrarily distributed elements,” IRE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 222–223, 1960. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. Y. T. Lo and S. W. Lee, “A study of space-tapered arrays,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 22–30, 1966. View at Google Scholar
  7. R. E. Willey, “Space tapering of linear and planar arrays,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 369–377, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  8. R. Harrington, “Sidelobe reduction by nonuniform element spacing,” IRE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 187–192, 1961. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. A. Ishimaru, “Theory of unequally-spaced arrays,” IRE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 691–702, 1962. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. H. Schjaer-Jacobsen and K. Madsen, “Synthesis of nonuniformly spaced arrays using a general nonlinear minimax optimisation method,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 501–506, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. W. Doyle, “On approximating linear array factors,” RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, Calif, USA, February 1963. View at Google Scholar
  12. T. A. Milligan, “Space-tapered circular (ring) array,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 70–73, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. M. Vicente-Lozano, F. Ares-Pena, and E. Moreno, “Pencil-beam pattern synthesis with a uniformly excited multi-ring planar antenna,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 70–74, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. R. L. Haupt, “Optimized element spacing for low sidelobe concentric ring arrays,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 266–268, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. G. Toso, M. C. Viganó, and P. Angeletti, “Null-matching for the design of linear aperiodic arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Antennas and Propagation International Symposium, pp. 3149–3152, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, June 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. Y. Chow, “On grating plateaux of nonuniformly spaced arrays,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 208–215, 1965. View at Google Scholar
  17. M. I. Skolnik, “Nonuniform arrays,” in Antenna Theory, Part I, F. J. Collin and R. E. Zucker, Eds., pp. 207–234, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1969. View at Google Scholar
  18. J. Sahalos, “The orthogonal method of nonuniformly spaced arrays,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 281–282, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. R. L. Haupt, “Thinned arrays using genetic algorithms,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 993–999, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. A. Trucco, “Synthesis of aperiodic planar arrays by a stochastic approach,” in Proceedings of the MTS/IEEE Conference (OCEANS '97), vol. 2, pp. 820–825, Halifax, Canada, October 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. S. Holm, A. Austeng, K. Iranpour, and J. F. Hopperstad, “Sparse sampling in array processing,” in Sampling Theory and Practice, F. Marvasti, Ed., Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  22. O. M. Bucci, M. D'Urso, T. Isernia, P. Angeletti, and G. Toso, “A new deterministic technique for the design of uniform amplitude sparse arrays,” in Proceedings of the 30th ESA Workshop on Antennas for Earth Observation, Science, Telecommunication and Navigation Space Missions, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, May 2008.
  23. D. W. Boeringer, “Phased array including a logarithmic spiral lattice of uniformly spaced radiating and receiving elements,” US patent no. 6433754 B1, Silver Spring, Md, USA, April 2002.
  24. T. Taylor, “Design of circular apertures for narrow beamwidth and low sidelobes,” IRE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 1960. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. J. L. Volakis, Antenna Engineering Handbook, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 4th edition, 2007.
  26. A. Okabe, B. Boots, K. Sugihara, and S. N. Chiu, Spatial Tessellations: Concepts and Applications of Voronoi Diagrams, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 2nd edition, 1999.
  27. P. Atela, C. Golé, and S. Hotton, “A dynamical system for plant pattern formation: a rigorous analysis,” Journal of Nonlinear Science, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 641–676, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet
  28. R. A. Dunlap, The Golden Ratio and Fibonacci Numbers, World Scientific, Singapore, 1997.