Elliptical Ring Antenna Excited by Circular Disc Monopole for UWB CommunicationsRead the full article
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation publishes research on the design, analysis, and applications of antennas, along with studies related to the propagation of electromagnetic waves through space, air, and other media.
Chief Editor, Professor Koziel, engages in research focused on surrogate-based modeling and optimization including space mapping technology for engineering design at Reykjavik University.
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Design and Fabrication of W-Band Waveguide Slotted Array Antenna Based on Milling Process
A single-layer waveguide slotted array antenna is proposed for W-band applications. To eliminate the alignment errors, all structures including the radiation slots, radiation waveguides, and power divider network are realized in one layer based on the milling process, and a planar metal plate is employed to cover the bottom. For example, an 8 × 9 array is designed with 1-to-8 power divider network to validate the proposed technology. The effective radiation aperture size of the array is 24 mm × 21 mm, and the height is only 8 mm. The measured reflection coefficient of the antenna is larger than 3 GHz for < −10 dB. The peak gain is 25.9 dBi, and the corresponding antenna efficiency is about 65%. All cross-polarization of the antenna array is less than −35 dB. The proposed array antenna features a simple structure, low cost, and easy implementation for W-band applications.
On the Flux Linkage between Pancake Coils in Resonance-Type Wireless Power Transfer Systems
This work presents a series representation for the mutual inductance of two coaxial pancake coils which remains accurate in non-quasi-static regime under the hypothesis that the current in the source coil is uniformly distributed. Making use of Gegenbauer’s addition theorem and a term-by-term analytical integration, the mutual inductance between two generic turns belonging to distinct coils is expressed as a sum of spherical Hankel functions with algebraic coefficients. The accuracy and efficiency of the resulting expression is proved through pertinent numerical examples.
A Novel Method for DOA and Time Delay Joint Estimation in Multipath OFDM Environment
Joint time delay and direction of arrival estimation based on uniform linear arrays in Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) systems has to face the problems posed by coherent multipath environments and high computational complexity. In this paper, a novel fast method is proposed to achieve a joint direction-of-arrival (DOA) and time-dealy (TD) estimation of multipath OFDM signals by fully using space-frequency characteristics. Firstly, we construct an extended virtual array by combining the array structure and frequency-domain information. Then, we calculate the extended channel frequency response matrix and adopt smoothing processing to eliminate the multipath effect. Next, we get the result of DOA estimation by using a closed-form solution, which costs little complexity and can achieve fast estimation. Finally, we conduct a one-dimensional spectral search using the obtained DOA values to estimate time delays. Simulation results show that our proposed methods have excellent performance even under low SNR conditions in different multipath environments. Furthermore, methods proposed in this paper have much less computational complexity and better estimation performance compared with the multidimensional spectral peak search methods.
Propagation of Electromagnetic Wave into an Illuminated Polysilicon PV Cell
The increasing cohabitation between telecommunication antennas generating electromagnetic waves and solar panels poses the problem of interaction between these radio waves and solar cells. In order to study the effect of radio waves on the performance of a polycrystalline silicon solar cell in a three-dimensional approach, it is necessary to assess the attenuation of the radio wave in the illuminated polysilicon grain and also to find the expressions of its components. This work investigated the attenuation of radio waves into a polycrystalline silicon grain by analyzing, firstly, the behaviour of the penetration length of the radio waves into the polysilicon grain and secondly, the behaviour of the attenuation factor. The propagation of the radio waves into the polycrystalline silicon grain can be considered without attenuation that can be neglected.
Optimal Pattern Synthesis of Linear Array and Broadband Design of Whip Antenna Using Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm
Antenna arrays with high directivity, low side-lobe level, and null control in desired direction and whip antenna with wider bandwidth both need to be optimized to meet different needs of communication systems. A new natural heuristic algorithm simulating social behavior of grasshoppers, grasshopper optimization algorithm (GOA), is applied to electromagnetic field as a new effective technology to solve the antenna optimization problem for the first time. Its algorithm is simple and has no gradient mechanism, can effectively avoid falling into local optimum, and is suitable for single-objective and multiobjective optimization problems. GOA is used to optimize the side lobe suppression, null depth, and notch control of arbitrary linear array and then used to optimize the loading and matching network of 10-meter HF broadband whip antenna compared with other algorithms. The results show that GOA has more advantages in side-lobe suppression, null depth, and notch control of linear array than other algorithms and has better broadband optimization performance for HF whip antenna. The pattern synthesis and antenna broadband optimization based on GOA provide a new and effective method for antenna performance optimization.
A Modified Wolf Pack Algorithm for Multiconstrained Sparse Linear Array Synthesis
The aim of the research is to propose a new optimization method for the multiconstrained optimization of sparse linear arrays (including the constraints of the number of elements, the aperture of arrays, and the minimum distance between adjacent elements). The new method is a modified wolf pack optimization algorithm based on the quantum theory. In the new method, wolves are coded by Bloch spherical coordinates of quantum bits, updated by quantum revolving gates, and selectively adaptively mutated when performing poorly. Because of the three-coordinate characteristics of the sphere, the number of global optimum solutions is greatly expanded and ultimately can be searched with a higher probability. Selective mutation enhances the robustness of the algorithm and improves the search speed. Furthermore, because the size of each dimension of Bloch spherical coordinates is always [−1, 1], the variables transformed by solution space must satisfy the constraints of the aperture of arrays and the minimum distance between adjacent elements, which effectively avoids infallible solutions in the process of updating and mutating the position of the wolf group, reduces the judgment steps, and improves the efficiency of optimization. The validity and robustness of the proposed method are verified by the simulation of two typical examples, and the optimization efficiency of the proposed method is higher than the existing methods.