Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 596291, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/596291
Research Article

Compact Printed Arrays with Embedded Coupling Mitigation for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networking

Mobile Radio Communications Laboratory, National Technical University of Athens, 9 Heroon Polytechniou Sreet, Zographos Polytechnic Campus, 15773 Athens, Greece

Received 1 December 2009; Accepted 1 April 2010

Academic Editor: Hoi Shun Lui

Copyright © 2010 Constantine G. Kakoyiannis and Philip Constantinou. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Warneke, M. Last, B. Liebowitz, and K. S. J. Pister, “Smart dust: communicating with a cubic-millimeter computer,” Computer, pp. 44–51, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. W. Cook, S. Lanzisera, and K. S. J. Pister, “SoC issues for RF smart dust,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 94, no. 6, pp. 1177–1196, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Basset, F. Alfaro, D. Novosel, A. De La Plaza, D. Stancil, and G. K. Fedder, “Chip-size antennas for implantable sensors and smart dust,” in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators and Microsystems (TRANSDUCERS '05), pp. 457–460, Seoul, South Korea, June 2005.
  4. M. Haenggi and D. Puccinelli, “Routing in ad hoc networks: a case for long hops,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 93–101, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Heo and P. K. Varshney, “Energy-efficient deployment of intelligent mobile sensor networks,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part A, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 78–92, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Jain, R. C. Shah, W. Brunette, G. Borriello, and S. Roy, “Exploiting mobility for energy efficient data collection in wireless sensor networks,” Mobile Networks and Applications, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 327–339, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. Manes, R. Fantacci, F. Chiti et al., “Efficient MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks endowed with directive antennas: a cross-layer solution,” EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, vol. 2007, Article ID 37910, 9 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. J. Dunlop and J. Cortes, “Co-design of efficient contention MAC with directional antennas in wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the 13th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC '08), pp. 383–388, Crete Island, Greece, August 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. D. Li, Z. Li, and L. Liu, “Energy efficient broadcast routing in ad hoc sensor networks with directional antennas,” in Proceedings of the Water and Sewerage Authority (WASA '08), vol. 5258 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 29–39, 2008.
  10. Z. Li and D. Li, “Minimum energy broadcast routing in ad hoc and sensor networks with directional antennas,” in Proceedings of the Computations in Commutative Algebra, vol. 5573 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 507–518, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. S. Shankar and D. Kundur, “Towards improved connectivity with hybrid uni/omni-directional antennas in wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE INFOCOM Workshops, Phoenix, Ariz, USA, April 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. A. Lecointre, D. Dragomirecu, P. Berthou, and R. Plana, “A reconfigurable IR-UWB radio interface, with directional antennas and localization capability, for wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the 14th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS '07), pp. 1055–1058, Marrakech, Morocco, December 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. G. Giorgetti, A. Cidronali, S. K. S. Gupta, and G. Manes, “Exploiting low-cost directional antennas in 2.4 GHz IEEE 802.15.4 wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Wireless Technologies (ECWT '07), pp. 217–220, Munich, Germany, October 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. M. Cabedo, M. Gallo, E. Antonino, M. Ferrando, and M. Bozzetti, “Modal analysis of a MIMO antenna for sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Antenna and Propagation Society International Symposium (AP-S '08), San Diego, Calif, USA, July 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. A. M. Abbosh and D. V. Thiel, “Effect of mutual coupling on the energy requirement of MIMO-based wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing and Communications (ICSPC '07), pp. 436–439, Dubai, UAE, November 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. A. Marousis and P. Constantinou, “Performance of a low complexity channel estimator for MC-CDMA systems over realistic MIMO channels,” in Proceedings of the 6th Conference Telecommunications, Peniche, Portugal, May 2007.
  17. F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Microstrip antennas integrated with electromagnetic band-gap (EBG) structures: a low mutual coupling design for array applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 2936–2946, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Dossche, S. Blanch, and J. Romeu, “Optimum antenna matching to minimise signal correlation on a two-port antenna diversity system,” Electronics Letters, vol. 40, no. 19, pp. 1164–1165, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C.-Y. Chiu, C.-H. Cheng, R. D. Murch, and C. R. Rowell, “Reduction of mutual coupling between closely-packed antenna elements,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 1732–1738, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. Kokkinos, E. Liakou, and A. P. Feresidis, “Decoupling antenna elements of PIFA arrays on handheld devices,” Electronics Letters, vol. 44, no. 25, pp. 1442–1444, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Ohishi, N. Oodachi, S. Sekine, and H. Shoki, “A method to improve the correlation coefficient and the mutual coupling for diversity antenna,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, pp. 507–510, Washington, DC, USA, July 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. M. Schühler, R. Wansch, and M. A. Hein, “Reduced mutual coupling in a compact antenna array using periodic structures,” in Proceedings of the Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference (LAPC '08), pp. 93–96, Loughborough, UK, March 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. E. Michailidis, C. Tsimenidis, and G. Chester, “Mutual coupling reduction in a linear two element patch array and its effect on theoretical MIMO capacity,” in Proceedings of the Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference (LAPC '08), pp. 457–460, Loughborough, UK, March 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. B. K. Lau, “Multiple antenna terminals,” in MIMO: From Theory to Implementation, C. Oestges, A. Sibille, and A. Zanella, Eds., Elsevier, New York, NY, USA, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  25. C. G. Kakoyiannis, P. Gika, and P. Constantinou, “Small printed sinusoidal antennas: a simple design guide for smooth meander-line structures with augmented bandwidth,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Workshop on Antenna Technology (iWAT '09), Santa Monica, Calif, USA, March 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. C. G. Kakoyiannis, P. Gika, and P. Constantinou, “Compact multi-element antennas of sinusoidal printed monopoles for sensors and portable devices,” in Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '09), pp. 3423–3427, Berlin, Germany, March 2009.
  27. C. G. Kakoyiannis and P. Constantinou, “Coupling and correlation reduction in compact arrays for WSN nodes via pre-fractal defected ground plane,” in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (SENSORCOMM '09), pp. 175–180, Athens, Greece, June 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. C. G. Kakoyiannis and P. Constantinou, “Reducing coupling in compact arrays for WSN nodes via pre-fractal defected ground structures,” in Proceedings of the 39th European Microwave Conference (EuMC '09), pp. 846–849, Rome, Italy, September-October 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. C. G. Kakoyiannis, G. Stamatiou, and P. Constantinou, “Small square meander-line antennas with reduced ground plane size for multimedia WSN nodes,” in Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '09), pp. 2411–2415, Berlin, Germany, March 2009.
  30. C. G. Kakoyiannis and P. Constantinou, “Ground plane considerations for printed monopole antennas integrated into wireless sensor devices,” in Proceedings of the International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC '08), pp. 738–743, Crete Island, Greece, August 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. C. G. Kakoyiannis and P. Constantinou, “Co-design of antenna element and ground plane for printed monopoles embedded in wireless sensors,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (SENSORCOMM '08), pp. 413–418, Cap Esterel, France, August 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. D. M. Pozar, “A relation between the active input impedance and the active element pattern of a phased array,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 2486–2489, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Blanch, J. Romeu, and I. Corbella, “Exact representation of antenna system diversity performance from input parameter description,” Electronics Letters, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 705–707, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. Thaysen and K. B. Jakobsen, “Design considerations for low antenna correlation and mutual coupling reduction in multi antenna terminals,” European Transactions on Telecommunications, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 319–326, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C.-S. Kim, J.-S. Park, D. Ahn, and J.-B. Lim, “A novel 1-D periodic defected ground structure for planar circuits,” IEEE Microwave and Guided Wave Letters, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 131–133, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. D. Ahn, J.-S. Park, C.-S. Kim, J. Kim, Y. Qian, and T. Itoh, “A design of the low-pass filter using the novel microstrip defected ground structure,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 86–93, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J.-S. Park, “An equivalent circuit and modeling method for defected ground structure and its application to the design of microwave circuits,” Microwave Journal, vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 22–44, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M.-S. Joung, J.-S. Park, and H.-S. Kim, “A novel modeling method for defected ground structure using adaptive frequency sampling and its application to microwave oscillator design,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1656–1659, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. N. C. Karmakar, S. M. Roy, and I. Balbin, “Quasi-static modeling of defected ground structure,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 2160–2168, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. Y. Chung, S.-S. Jeon, S. Kim, D. Ahn, J.-I. Choi, and T. Itoh, “Multifunctional microstrip transmission lines integrated with defected ground structure for RF front-end application,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 1425–1432, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. C. G. Kakoyiannis, S. V. Troubouki, and P. Constantinou, “Comparison of efficient small antennas for wireless microsensors through simulation and experiment,” in Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Wireless Pervasive Computing (ISWPC '08), pp. 213–217, Santorini, Greece, May 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. L. H. Weng, X. W. Shi, Y. C. Guo, C. X. W. Shi, and X. Q. Chen, “An overview on defected ground structure,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research B, vol. 7, pp. 173–189, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  43. C. Mehlführer, S. Caban, and M. Rupp, “MIMO HSDPA throughput measurement results in an urban scenario,” in Proceedings of the 70th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '09), Anchorage, Alaska, USA, September 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. T. Weiland, M. Timm, and I. Munteanu, “A practical guide to 3-D simulation,” IEEE Microwave Magazine, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 62–75, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus