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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2011, Article ID 142581, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/142581
Research Article

Mutual Coupling Effect on Ultrawideband Linear Antenna Array Performance

1Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada H3G 1M8
2PSATRI, KSU, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

Received 24 April 2011; Accepted 12 June 2011

Academic Editor: Marek E. Bialkowski

Copyright © 2011 Osama Ahmed and Abdel-Razik Sebak. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper studies the mutual coupling effect between array elements of two- and four-element ultrawideband (UWB) linear arrays on their performances. For simplicity, it is assumed that both antenna arrays are fed by independent microstrip lines with the same power amplitudes and equal phases. From our study, array bandwidth improvement is achieved for both array types when the mutual coupling is strong enough or interelement spacing is small. The mutual coupling also enhances the array realized gain especially in the midfrequency band (5–8.5 GHz) while it deteriorates the gain outside that frequency range. Proper tuning for interelement spacing with enough mutual coupling enhances the array realized gain at most frequencies and makes it more stable across the desired frequency range. From the radiation pattern results, the grating lobes appear in UWB arrays when the element spacing is greater than two wavelengths at the upper edge frequency, 10.6 GHz, or half wavelength at the lower edge frequency 3.1 GHz. Two fabricated array prototypes with corporate feed are fabricated and tested to validate the theoretical analysis. The effect of using T-junction power divider is clear on the reflection coefficient |S11|. Both numerically simulated and experimental results successfully demonstrate our analysis.