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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 184942, 7 pages
Application Article

Dielectric Resonator Direction Finding Antenna

1Department of Electrical Engineering, The University of Mississippi, MS 38677, USA
2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada H3G 1M8

Received 3 June 2011; Revised 9 September 2011; Accepted 13 September 2011

Academic Editor: Tayeb A. Denidni

Copyright © 2011 Laila Hady Salman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The idea of using a cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna for mechanical direction finding and target tracking is presented. The hybrid feeding network of the receiving antenna comprised two ports: one for the broadside-type sum pattern and another for the monopole-type difference pattern. The proposed design is fabricated and tested experimentally for concept validation. Both linearly polarized patterns were obtained around 2.6 GHz. The coupling between the sum and difference ports is measured to be smaller than −30 dB, and the 3 dB width of the minimum in the difference pattern is 10°.