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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 184537, 8 pages
Research Article

Study on Glass-Epoxy-Based Low-Cost and Compact Tip-Truncated Triangular Printed Antenna

1Turku Centre for Computer Science (TUCS) and Department of Information Technology, University of Turku, 20520 Turku, Finland
2School of Information and Communication Technologies, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), 10044 Stockholm, Sweden
3Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, BIT, Muzaffarnagar 251315 (U.P.), India

Received 11 February 2012; Revised 1 June 2012; Accepted 1 June 2012

Academic Editor: Dalia N. Elshiekh

Copyright © 2012 Rajeev Kumar Kanth et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Printed antennas based on glass epoxy substrate have been developed. On the basis of required specifications and assigned frequencies, tip-truncated triangular printed antennas have been designed, analyzed, and fabricated. The performances of the antennas have been measured in terms of return loss, frequency of operation, bandwidth, and radiation pattern. Triangular microstrip antenna (TMSA) configuration consisting of copper as active radiating patch and glass epoxy as dielectric substrate has been screened out to achieve the essential characteristics and satisfying recommended low-cost antenna. The Method of Moment (MOM) analyzing techniques have been employed to realize the required specific properties, whereas optimized tip truncation technique and varying feed point location give rise to suitable LHCP or RHCP configuration of the printed antenna. The coaxial probe signal feed arrangement have been considered for this work. The proposed printed antennas are suitable for communication links between ships or buoys and satellites specially for navigation purpose.