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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 320582, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/320582
Research Article

Tetraband Small-Size Printed Strip MIMO Antenna for Mobile Handset Application

1School of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
2School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK

Received 31 August 2011; Accepted 10 October 2011

Academic Editor: Li Yang

Copyright © 2012 Qinghao Zeng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A compact printed multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna for tetraband (GSM900/1800/1900/UMTS) mobile handset application is presented. The proposed MIMO antenna, which consists of two coupled-fed loop antennas with symmetrical configuration, was printed on a 120 * 60 * 0.8 mm3 Fr-4 substrate of relative permittivity of 4.4, loss tangent 0.02. Each element antenna requires only a small area of 22.5 * 25 mm2 on the circuit board. The edge-to-edge spacing between the two elements is only of 920 MHz. A slot and a dual-inverted-L-shaped ground branch were added in the ground plane to decrease the mature coupling between the antenna elements. The measured isolation of the proposed antenna is better than 15 dB among the four operating frequency bands. The simulated 3D radiation patterns at 900 MHz and 1900 MHz of both antenna elements show that two loop antennas in general cover complementary space regions with good diversity performance. Detailed antenna impedance matching performance comparisons were done to evaluate the benefit of using different decoupling technology. The envelop correlation coefficient is calculated to represent the diversity performance of the MIMO antenna.