Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 470541, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/470541
Review Article

Near-Field Antenna Measurements Using Photonic Sensor of Mach-Zehnder Interferometer

National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan

Received 15 October 2011; Accepted 19 January 2012

Academic Editor: Amedeo Capozzoli

Copyright © 2012 Masanobu Hirose et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. D. Yaghjian, “An overview of near-field antenna measurements,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 30–45, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. CISPR 16-1-4, “Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods—part 1–4: radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus—ancillary equipment—radiated disturbances,” International Electrotechnical Commission IEC, Edition 1.1, 2004-2005. View at Google Scholar
  3. S. Battermann and H. Garbe, “Influence of the receiving antenna pattern on the Site-VSWR validation procedure above 1 GHz,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on EMC, pp. 1–5, August 2008.
  4. M. Hirose, T. Ishizone, and K. Komiyama, “Antenna pattern measurements using photonic sensor for planar near-field measurement at X band,” IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 727–734, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Hirose, S. Kurokawa, and K. Komiyama, “Compact spherical near-filed measurement system for UWB antennas,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP '05), vol. 4, pp. 692–695, July 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Capozzoli, C. Curcio, G. D'Elia et al., “Photonic probes and advanced (also phaseless) near-field far-field techniques,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 232–241, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Schwerdt, J. Berger, B. Schüppert, and K. Petermann, “Integrated optical E-Field sensors with a balanced detection scheme,” IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 386–390, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. Tajima, R. Kobayashi, N. Kuwabara, and M. Tokuda, “Improving design method for sensitivity and frequency response of e-field sensor using a mach-zehnder interferometer,” IEICE Transactions on Electronics, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 347–354, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  9. T. Ichikawa, “Fabrication and characterization of a retroreflective type of practical LiNbO3 voltage sensor operating in the range of 6 Hz to 2 GHz,” IEICE Transactions on Electronics, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 355–359, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. I. Sasaki and T. Nagatsuma, “Electric-field scanning system using electro-optic sensor,” IEICE Transactions on Electronics, vol. 86, no. 7, pp. 1345–1351, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Suzuki, S. Arakawa, H. Ota, K. I. Arai, and R. Sato, “Optical magnetic field probe with a loop antenna element doubly loaded with LiNbO3 crystals,” IEICE Transactions on Electronics, vol. 87, no. 11, pp. 1989–1996, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Togo, N. Kukutsu, N. Shimizu, and T. Nagatsuma, “Sensitivity-stabilized fiber-mounted electrooptic probe for electric field mapping,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 2700–2705, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D.-J. Lee, N.-W. Kang, J.-H. Choi, J. Kim, and J. F. Whitaker, “Recent advances in the design of electro-optic sensors for minimally destructive microwave field probing,” Sensors, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 806–824, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  14. D. M. Kern, Plane-Wave Scattering-Matrix Theory of Antennas and Antenna-Antenna Interactions, chapter 2, National Bureau of Standards Monographs, 1981.
  15. R. E. Collin, Antennas and Radiowave Propagation, chapter 5, McGraw-Hill, 1985.
  16. http://www.feko.info/.
  17. A. C. Newell and C. F. Stubenrauch, “Effect of random errors in planar near-field measurement,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 769–773, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. B. Hoffman and K. R. Grimm, “Far-field uncertainty due to random near-field measurement error,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 774–780, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Romeu, L. Jofre, and A. Cardama, “Far-field errors due to random noise in cylindrical near-field measurements,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 79–84, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Hirose, K. Komiyama, J. Ichijo, and S. Torihara, “Pattern measurement of X-band standard gain horn antenna using photonic sensor and planar near field scanning technique,” in Proceedings of the Antenna Measurement Techniques Association Symposium (AMTA '02), pp. 284–288, 2002.
  21. M. Hirose, T. Ishizone, J. Ichijoh, S. Torihata, and K. Komiyama, “Planar near-field measurements of microstrip array antenna using photonic sensor at X band,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP '03), vol. 4, pp. 67–70, 2003.
  22. M. Hirose, S. Kurokawa, and K. Komiyama, “A probe calibration method to measure absolute gain by spherical near-field measurement system using photonic sensor,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP '05), vol. 1, pp. 277–280, Seoul, Korea, October 2005.
  23. M. Kanda and S. F. Kawalko, “Near-zone gain of 500 MHz to 2.6 GHz rectangular standard pyramidal horns,” IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 85–92, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. E. Hansen, Ed., Spherical Near-Field Antenna Measurements, vol. 26 of IEE Electromagnetic Waves Series, Peter Peregrinus, London, UK, 1998.
  25. O. M. Bucci and C. Gennarelli, “Use of sampling expansions in near-field-far-field transformation: the cylindrical case,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 830–835, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus