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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 593498, 9 pages
Application Article

Metamaterial CRLH Antennas on Silicon Substrate for Millimeter-Wave Integrated Circuits

1National Institute for Research and Development in Microtechnologies (IMT-Bucharest) Erou Iancu Nicolae 126A, 077190 Bucharest, Romania
2Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informations Engineering, Politehnica University Bucharest, Boulevard Iuliu Maniu 1-3, 061071 Bucharest, Romania

Received 5 September 2012; Accepted 4 November 2012

Academic Editor: James R. Kelly

Copyright © 2012 Gheorghe Ioan Sajin and Iulia Andreea Mocanu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The paper presents two composite right/left-handed (CRLH) coplanar waveguide (CPW) zeroth-order resonant (ZOR) antennas which were designed, processed, and electrically characterized for applications in the millimetric wave frequency range. Two CRLH antennas were developed for  GHz and  GHz, respectively. The CRLH antenna on  GHz shows a return loss of  dB at  GHz. The −3 dB radiation characteristic beamwidth was approximately 37° and the gain was  dBi. The CRLH antenna on  GHz has a return loss of  dB at  GHz and the −3 dB radiation characteristic beamwidth of approximately 17°. The gains were  dBi at  GHz and  dBi at  GHz. The maximum measured gain was  dBi at  GHz. It is, upon the authors' knowledge, the first report of millimeter wave CRLH antennas on silicon substrate in CPW technique for use in mm-wave monolithic integrated circuit.