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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 913596, 4 pages
Research Article

NECOP Propagation Experiment: Rain-Rate Distributions Observations and Prediction Model Comparisons

Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology Akure, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria

Received 15 February 2012; Accepted 20 May 2012

Academic Editor: Thomas Kürner

Copyright © 2012 J. S. Ojo and S. E. Falodun. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Empirical distribution functions for one-minute average rain-rate values were compiled for three station year of observations at Nigeria environmental and climatic observatory (NECOP) propagation experiment terminal sites. The empirical distribution functions were compared with cumulative distribution functions generated using four different rain-rate distribution models. It is found that although each of the models shows similar qualitative features at lower exceedance of time, the characteristic at higher time percentages shows quantitative difference from the experimental data except the improved version of Moupfouma model. The results further show that the rainfall rate and the microwave propagation characteristics in this region are out of accord with International Telecommunication Union predictions. This information is vital for predicting rain fading cumulative probability distributions over this region.