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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 941458, 11 pages
Research Article

A Multistage Decision-Feedback Receiver Design for LTE Uplink in Mobile Time-Variant Environments

Communication Research Center and Department of Communications Engineering, Yuan Ze University, 135 Yuan-Tung Road, Chung-Li, Taoyuan 32003, Taiwan

Received 30 May 2012; Revised 25 August 2012; Accepted 26 August 2012

Academic Editor: Chih-Peng Li

Copyright © 2012 Juinn-Horng Deng and Shu-Min Liao. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Single-carrier-frequency division multiple access (SC-FDMA) has recently become the preferred uplink transmission scheme in long-term evolution (LTE) systems. Similar to orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA), SC-FDMA is highly sensitive to frequency offsets caused by oscillator inaccuracies and Doppler spread, which lead to intercarrier interference (ICI). This work proposes a multistage decision-feedback structure to mitigate the ICI effect and enhance system performance in time-variant environments. Based on the block-type pilot arrangement of the LTE uplink type 1 frame structure, the time-domain least squares (TDLS) method and polynomial-based curve-fitting algorithm are employed for channel estimation. Instead of using a conventional equalizer, this work uses a group frequency-domain equalizer (GFDE) to reduce computational complexity. Furthermore, this work utilizes a dual iterative structure of group parallel interference cancellation (GPIC) and frequency-domain group parallel interference cancellation (FPIC) to mitigate the ICI effect. Finally, to optimize system performance, this work applies a novel error-correction scheme. Simulation results demonstrate the bit error rate (BER) performance is markedly superior to that of the conventional full-size receiver based on minimum mean square error (MMSE). This structure performs well and is a flexible choice in mobile environments using the SC-FDMA scheme.