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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2013, Article ID 575062, 7 pages
Research Article

A High Gain Omnidirectional Antenna Using Negative Permeability Metamaterial

Smart Materials Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China

Received 30 October 2012; Accepted 29 May 2013

Academic Editor: P. Mohanan

Copyright © 2013 Hangfei Tang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A high gain omnidirectional antenna with low profile is proposed and is investigated numerically and experimentally. Based on the conventional center-fed circular epsilon-negative (ENG) zeroth-order resonator (ZOR) antenna, dendritic structure negative permeability metamaterial (NPM) is used as the substrate to enhance the gain of the omnidirectional antenna. The experimental results show that the gain of a center-fed circular ENG ZOR antenna with NPM substrate is enhanced about 2.2 dB, and the efficiency is enhanced about 38%, in the whole broad operating bandwidth as compared to that of the antenna without NPM substrate, which can be used to improve the reliability of wireless communications.