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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2013, Article ID 589591, 11 pages
Research Article

Energy Efficiency Maximization through Cooperative Transmit and Receive Antenna Selection for Multicell MU-MIMO System

1Key Laboratory of Universal Wireless Communication of Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
2China Mobile Design Institute, Beijing 100876, China

Received 10 January 2013; Accepted 9 April 2013

Academic Editor: Mugen Peng

Copyright © 2013 Yanjie Dong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The capacity of Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) system is highly related to the number of active antennas. But as the active antenna number increases, the MIMO system will consume more energy. To maximize the energy efficiency of MIMO system, we propose an antenna selection scheme which can maximize the energy efficiency of BS cluster. In the scheme, ergodic energy efficiency is derived according to large scale channel state information (CSI). Based on this ergodic energy efficiency, we introduce a cost function varied with the number of antennas, in which the effect to the energy efficiency of both the serving BS and the neighbor BS is considered. With this function, we can transform the whole system optimization problem to a sectional optimization problem and obtain a suboptimal antenna set using a heuristic algorithm. Simulation results verify that the proposed approach performs better than the comparison schemes in terms of network energy efficiency and achieves 98% network energy efficiency of the centralized antenna selection scheme. Besides, since the proposed scheme does not need the complete CSI of the neighbor BS, it can effectively reduce the signaling overhead.