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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 718482, 5 pages
Research Article

Power Scaling for Spatial Modulation with Limited Feedback

National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Communications, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China

Received 8 February 2013; Revised 6 May 2013; Accepted 8 May 2013

Academic Editor: Feifei Gao

Copyright © 2013 Yue Xiao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Spatial modulation (SM) is a recently developed multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technique which offers a new tradeoff between spatial diversity and spectrum efficiency, by introducing the indices of transmit antennas as a means of information modulation. Due to the special structure of SM-MIMO, in the receiver, maximum likelihood (ML) detector can be combined with low complexity. For further improving the system performance with limited feedback, in this paper, a novel power scaling spatial modulation (PS-SM) scheme is proposed. The main idea is based on the introduction of scaling factor (SF) for weighting the modulated symbols on each transmit antenna of SM, so as to enlarge the minimal Euclidean distance of modulated constellations and improve the system performance. Simulation results show that the proposed PS-SM outperforms the conventional adaptive spatial modulation (ASM) with the same feedback amount and similar computational complexity.