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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2013, Article ID 934509, 9 pages
Research Article

Design and Analysis of Ultra-Wideband Split Transmit Virtual Aperture Array for Through-the-Wall Imaging

School of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China

Received 15 February 2013; Accepted 29 May 2013

Academic Editor: Krzysztof Kulpa

Copyright © 2013 Biying Lu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The concept of virtual aperture and the point spread function for designing and characterizing ultra-wideband near-field multiple-input multiple-output active imaging array are investigated. Combining the approach of virtual aperture desynthesis with the monostatic-to-bistatic equivalence theorem, a kind of linear UWB MIMO array, the split transmit virtual aperture (STVA) array, was designed for through-the-wall imaging. Given the virtual aperture, the STVA array is the shortest in physical aperture length. The imaging performance of the designed STVA array in the near field is fully analyzed through both numerical and measured data. The designed STVA array has been successfully applied to imaging moving targets inside buildings.