Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2014, Article ID 279380, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/279380
Research Article

Indoor Massive MIMO Channel Modelling Using Ray-Launching Simulation

1Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD, UK
2Ranplan Wireless Network Design Ltd., Sheffield S1 4DP, UK
3Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE, UK

Received 23 January 2014; Revised 1 June 2014; Accepted 1 July 2014; Published 6 August 2014

Academic Editor: Xuefeng Yin

Copyright © 2014 Jialai Weng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Boccardi, R. W. Heath Jr., A. Lozano, T. L. Marzetta, and P. Popovski, “Five disruptive technology directions for 5G,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 74–80, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  2. F. Rusek, D. Persson, B. K. Lau et al., “Scaling up mimo: opportunities and challenges with very large arrays,” IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 40–60, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  3. E. G. Larsson, F. Tufvesson, O. Edfors, and T. L. Marzetta, “Massive MIMO for next generation wireless systems,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 186–195, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  4. Z. Lai, N. Bessis, G. de la Roche, P. Kuonen, J. Zhang, and G. Clapworthy, “On the use of an intelligent ray launching for indoor scenarios,” in Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '10), pp. 1–5, April 2010. View at Scopus
  5. A. Burr, “Evaluation of capacity of indoor wireless mimo channel using ray tracing,” in Proceedings of the International Zurich Seminar on Broadband Communications: Access, Transmission, Networking, pp. 28-1–28-6, 2002.
  6. S.-. Oh and N.-. Myung, “MIMO channel estimation method using ray-tracing propagation model,” Electronics Letters, vol. 40, no. 21, pp. 1350–1352, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Gao, X. Chen, and C. Parini, “Experimental evaluation of indoor mimo channel capacity based on ray tracing,” in Proceedings of the London Communications Symposium, pp. 189–192, University College London, 2004.
  8. O. Stäbler, “Mimo channel characteristics computed with 3d ray tracing model,” in Proceedings of the COST2100 TD(08) Workshop, Trondheim, Norway, June 2008.
  9. S. Loredo, A. Rodríguez-Alonso, and R. P. Torres, “Indoor MIMO channel modeling by rigorous GO/UTD-based ray tracing,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 680–692, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. Hoppe, J. Ramuh, H. Buddendick, O. Stäbler, and G. Wölfle, “Comparison of MIMO channel characteristics computed by 3D ray tracing and statistical models,” in Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '07), pp. 1–5, November 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Gorce, K. Jaffrès-Runser, and G. de la Roche, “Deterministic approach for fast simulations of indoor radio wave propagation,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 938–948, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. X. Tu, H. Hu, Z. Lai, J.-M. Gorce, and J. Zhang, “Performance comparison of MR-FDPF and ray launching in an indoor office scenario,” in Proceedings of the Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference (LAPC '13), pp. 424–428, Loughborough, UK, November 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. Z. Lai, G. De La Roche, N. BESSIS et al., “Intelligent ray launching algorithm for indoor scenarios,” Radioengineering, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 398–408, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. Clerckx and C. Oestges, MIMO Wireless Networks: Channels, Techniques and Standards for Multi-Antenna, Multi-User and Multi-Cell Systems, Academic Press, 2nd edition, 2013.
  15. G. German, Q. Spencer, L. Swindlehurst, and R. Valenzuela, “Wireless indoor channel modeling: Statistical agreement of ray tracing simulations and channel sounding measurements,” in Proceedings of IEEE Interntional Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '01), vol. 4, pp. 2501–2504, May 2001. View at Scopus
  16. J. Voigt, R. Fritzsche, and J. Schueler, “Optimal antenna type selection in a real SU-MIMO network planning scenario,” in Proceedings of the 70th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC '09), pp. 1–5, September 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Payami and F. Tufvesson, “Channel measurements and analysis for very large array systems at 2.6 GHz,” in Proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '12), pp. 433–437, March 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Abdi, C. Tepedelenlioglu, M. Kaveh, and G. Giannakis, “On the estimation of the K parameter for the rice fading distribution,” IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 92–94, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. Razavi-Ghods and S. Salous, “Wideband mimo channel characterization in tv studios and inside buildings in the 2.22.5 ghz frequency band,” Radio Science, vol. 44, no. 5, Article ID 10.1029/2008RS004095, pp. 10–1029, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  20. A. Richter, J. Salmi, and V. Koivunen, “Distributed scattering in radio channels and its contribution to MIMO channel capacity,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '06), pp. 1–7, Nice, France, November 2006. View at Scopus
  21. F. Mani, F. Quitin, and C. Oestges, “Directional spreads of dense multipath components in indoor environments: experimental validation of a Ray-Tracing approach,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 60, no. 7, pp. 3389–3396, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. E. Vitucci, V. Degli-Esposti, and F. Fuschini, “Mimo channel characterization through ray tracing simulation,” in Proceedings of the 1st European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP '06), pp. 1–6, November 2006.
  23. Z. Yun, M. Iskander, and Z. Zhang, “Mimo capacity calculation and fading estimation for indoor/outdoor wireless communication environments,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Communication Technology, pp. 259–260, October 2003.
  24. E. Telatar, “Capacity of multi-antenna Gaussian channels,” European Transactions on Telecommunications, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 585–595, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. J. Foschini and M. J. Gans, “On limits of wireless communications in a fading environment when using multiple antennas,” Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 311–335, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus