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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2015, Article ID 176202, 11 pages
Research Article

Limited Feedback for 3D Massive MIMO under 3D-UMa and 3D-UMi Scenarios

1School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2State Key Laboratory of Wireless Mobile Communications, China Academy of Telecommunications Technology (CATT), Beijing 100191, China

Received 20 December 2014; Revised 9 June 2015; Accepted 11 June 2015

Academic Editor: Stefano Selleri

Copyright © 2015 Zheng Hu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


For three-dimensional (3D) massive MIMO utilizing the uniform rectangular array (URA) in the base station (BS), we propose a limited feedback transmission scheme in which the channel state information (CSI) feedback operations for horizontal domain and vertical domain are separate. Compared to the traditional feedback scheme, the scheme can reduce the feedback overhead, code word index search complexity, and storage requirement. Also, based on the zenith of departure angle (ZoD) distribution in 3D-Urban Macro Cell (3D-UMa) and 3D-Urban Micro Cell (3D-UMi) scenarios, we propose the angle quantization codebook for vertical domain, while the codebook of long term evolution-advanced (LTE-Advanced) is still adopted in horizontal domain to preserve compatibility with the LTE-Advanced. Based on the angle quantization codebook, the subsampled 3-bit DFT codebook is designed for vertical domain. The system-level simulation results reveal that, to compromise the feedback overhead and system performance, 2-bit codebook for 3D-UMa scenario and 3-bit codebook for 3D-UMi scenario can meet requirements in vertical domain. The feedback period for vertical domain can also be extended appropriately to reduce the feedback overhead.