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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2015, Article ID 240691, 6 pages
Research Article

Polarization-Independent and Angle-Insensitive Metamaterial Absorber Using 90-Degree-Rotated Split-Ring Resonators

1Beijing Key Laboratory of Millimeter Wave and Terahertz Technology, School of Information and Electronics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2Microwave Parameters Laboratory, Division of Electronics and Information Technology, National Institute of Metrology, Beijing 100013, China

Received 6 March 2015; Revised 24 April 2015; Accepted 24 April 2015

Academic Editor: Roman E. Noskov

Copyright © 2015 Jia-Qi Feng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We present the design, simulation, and measurement of a polarization-independent and angle-insensitive metamaterial absorber (MA) in X-band. Since the unit cell of the MA consists of four subwavelength split-ring resonators with 4-fold symmetric rotation, the MA is insensitive to the variation of both polarization and incident angle of the planar electromagnetic wave. The electromagnetic performances of the MA are studied by full-wave simulations based on finite-element method and the Naval Research Laboratory arch experimental measurements. The electric field distributions are numerically investigated, which confirm the polarization-insensitive property of the MA, as expected from the symmetric nature of the structure. When the incident angles vary from 0 to 45 degrees, the MA remains at full width at half maximum of 0.4 GHz (0.5 GHz) with peak absorptions of 99.9% (95.2%) at 10.27 GHz (10.3 GHz) by simulations (measurements).