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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2015, Article ID 358582, 10 pages
Research Article

Frequency Diverse Array MIMO Radar Adaptive Beamforming with Range-Dependent Interference Suppression in Target Localization

School of Communication and Information Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Qingshuihexiaoqu, No. 2006 Xiyuan Road, Gaoxin, Xiqu, Chengdu, Sichuan 611731, China

Received 1 February 2015; Accepted 10 September 2015

Academic Editor: Jaume Anguera

Copyright © 2015 Kuandong Gao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Conventional multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) radar is a flexible technique which enjoys the advantages of phased-array radar without sacrificing its main advantages. However, due to its range-independent directivity, MIMO radar cannot mitigate nondesirable range-dependent interferences. In this paper, we propose a range-dependent interference suppression approach via frequency diverse array (FDA) MIMO radar, which offers a beamforming-based solution to suppress range-dependent interferences and thus yields much better DOA estimation performance than conventional MIMO radar. More importantly, the interferences located at the same angle but different ranges can be effectively suppressed by the range-dependent beamforming, which cannot be achieved by conventional MIMO radar. The beamforming performance as compared to conventional MIMO radar is examined by analyzing the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR). The Cramér-Rao lower bound (CRLB) is also derived. Numerical results show that the proposed method can efficiently suppress range-dependent interferences and identify range-dependent targets. It is particularly useful in suppressing the undesired strong interferences with equal angle of the desired targets.