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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2015, Article ID 371236, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/371236
Research Article

Polarized Uniform Linear Array System: Beam Radiation Pattern, Beamforming Diversity Order, and Channel Capacity

1Program in IT & Media Convergence Studies, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Republic of Korea
2Electronic Engineering Department, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Republic of Korea

Received 22 October 2014; Accepted 20 February 2015

Academic Editor: Massimiliano Simeoni

Copyright © 2015 Xin Su and KyungHi Chang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There have been many studies regarding antenna polarization; however, there have been few publications on the analysis of the channel capacity for polarized antenna systems using the beamforming technique. According to Chung et al., the channel capacity is determined by the density of scatterers and the transmission power, which is obtained based on the assumption that scatterers are uniformly distributed on a 3D spherical scattering model. However, it contradicts the practical scenario, where scatterers may not be uniformly distributed under outdoor environment, and lacks the consideration of fading channel gain. In this study, we derive the channel capacity of polarized uniform linear array (PULA) systems using the beamforming technique in a practical scattering environment. The results show that, for PULA systems, the channel capacity, which is boosted by beamforming diversity, can be determined using the channel gain, beam radiation pattern, and beamforming diversity order (BDO), where the BDO is dependent on the antenna characteristics and array configurations.