Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2015, Article ID 452962, 10 pages
Research Article

Electromagnetic Interference between Cranes and Broadcasting Antennas

Faculty of Electronic Engineering, University of Nis, A. Medvedeva 14, 18000 Nis, Serbia

Received 22 July 2015; Accepted 18 October 2015

Academic Editor: Felipe Cátedra

Copyright © 2015 V. Javor. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. Javor, “The calculation and elimination of undesirable electromagnetic field influence on cranes,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Telecommunications in Modern Satellite, Cable and Broadcasting Services (TELSIKS '99), pp. 628–631, Nis, Serbia, October 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. Denton, “Radiofrequency energy poses unseen hazard,” Occupational Hazards, vol. 64, no. 12, pp. 45–47, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  3. T. Hajime, “Electromagnetic disturbance of large-scale crane due to medium wave broadcasting and countermeasures,” Research Reports of National Institute of Industrial Safety, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  4. R. G. Olsen, J. B. Schneider, and R. A. Tell, “Radio frequency burns in the power system workplace,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 352–359, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. Ustuner, “Practical papers, articles and application notes: interaction of an AM broadcast transmitter with a large crane posing health hazards: a real-world event analysis,” IEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Magazine, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 41–49, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. V. Javor and M. Saranac, “Electromagnetic disturbances in conductive structures nearby transmitting antennas,” in Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks (SoftCOM '13), pp. 1–5, IEEE, Primošten, Croatia, September 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. M. B. Perotoni and R. M. Barreto, Resolving Safety-Critical EMI Problems between AM Transmitters and Cranes Using a 3D Field Solver, High Frequency Electronics, 2014.
  9. G. J. Burke and A. J. Poggio, “Numerical electromagnetics code (NEC)-method of moments,” Tech. Rep. 116, Naval Ocean Systems Center, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  10. A. R. Djordjevic, M. B. Bazdar, T. K. Sarkar, and R. F. Harrington, AWAS for Windows: Analysis of Wire Antennas and Scatterers, Software and User's Manual, Artech House Books, Boston, Mass, USA, 1995.
  11. V. Javor and D. Velickovic, “Computer package for analysis of lightning electromagnetic field distribution for cage conductor structures,” in Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Lightning Protection (ICLP '02), Proceedings of Papers, pp. 382–387, Cracow, Poland, September 2002.
  12. O. P. Gandhi and I. Chatterjee, “Radio-frequency hazards in the VLF to MF band,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 70, no. 12, pp. 1462–1464, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. W. Congjiang, L. Deming, W. Shuquan, W. Baosheng, and H. Baoge, “Environmental impact of electromagnetic radiation from the 10kW medium wave transmitter of Weihai Broadcasting Station,” Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 461–467, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  14. IEEE C.95.1-2005, IEEE Standard for safety levels with respect to human exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields, 3 kHz to 300 GHz, IEEE, 2005.
  15. H. C. Pocklington, “Electrical oscillations in wires,” Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, vol. 9, pp. 324–332, 1897. View at Google Scholar
  16. B. D. Popovic, “Polynomial approximation of current along thin symmetrical cylindrical dipoles,” Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, vol. 117, no. 5, pp. 873–878, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. E. Hallén, “Theoretical investigations into the transmitting and receiving qualities of antennas,” Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis Ser. IV, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1–44, 1938. View at Google Scholar
  18. R. F. Harrington, Field Computation by Moment Methods, section 6.2, Macmillan, New York, NY, USA, 1968.
  19. I. R. Bradby, Practical Experience in Radio Frequency Induced Ignition Risk Assessment for COMAH/DSEAR Compliance, Symposium Series no. 154, ABB Engineering Services, 2008.
  20. X.-T. Huang, “Study on the influence of induced high-voltage surge to tower crane by Baise MW broadcasting station and its protection,” Journal of Safety Science and Technology, no. 2, pp. 146–151, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  21. H. Kanai, I. Chatterjee, and O. P. Gandhi, “Human body impedance for electromagnetic hazard analysis in the VLF to MF band,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 763–772, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. A. Hill and J. A. Walsh, “Radio-frequency current through the feet of a grounded human,” IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 18–23, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. I. Chatterjee, D. Wu, and O. P. Gandhi, “Human body impedance and threshold currents for perception and pain for contact hazard analysis in the VLF-MF band,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 486–494, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Y. Kamimura, K. Komori, M. Shoji, Y. Yamada, S. Watanabe, and Y. Yamanaka, “Human body impedance for contact current measurement in Japan,” IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol. 88, no. 8, pp. 3263–3267, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. V. De Santis, P. A. Beeckman, D. A. Lampasi, and M. Feliziani, “Assessment of human body impedance for safety requirements against contact currents for frequencies up to 110 MHz,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 390–396, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus