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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2598024, 12 pages
Research Article

Missile-Borne SAR Raw Signal Simulation for Maneuvering Target

College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211100, China

Received 25 February 2016; Revised 28 April 2016; Accepted 10 May 2016

Academic Editor: Atsushi Mase

Copyright © 2016 Weijie Xia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


SAR raw signal simulation under the case of maneuver and high-speed has been a challenging and urgent work recently. In this paper, a new method based on one-dimensional fast Fourier transform (1DFFT) algorithm is presented for raw signal simulation of maneuvering target for missile-borne SAR. Firstly, SAR time-domain raw signal model is given and an effective Range Frequency Azimuth Time (RFAT) algorithm based on 1DFFT is derived. In this algorithm, the “Stop and Go” (SaG) model is adopted and the wide radar scattering characteristic of target is taken into account. Furthermore, the “Inner Pulse Motion” (IPM) model is employed to deal with high-speed case. This new RFAT method can handle the maneuvering cases, high-speed cases, and bistatic radar cases, which are all possible in the missile-borne SAR. Besides, this raw signal simulation adopts the electromagnetic scattering calculation so that we do not need a scattering rate distribution map as the simulation input. Thus, the multiple electromagnetic reflections can be considered. Simulation examples prove the effectiveness of our method.