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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016, Article ID 2749035, 10 pages
Research Article

Investigation on the Inversion of the Atmospheric Duct Using the Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm Based on Opposition-Based Learning

1School of Science, Xi’an University of Posts and Telecommunications, Xi’an 710121, China
2School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China

Received 14 January 2016; Accepted 21 March 2016

Academic Editor: Sotirios K. Goudos

Copyright © 2016 Chao Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm is a recently introduced optimization method in the research field of swarm intelligence. This paper presents an improved ABC algorithm named as OGABC based on opposition-based learning (OBL) and global best search equation to overcome the shortcomings of the slow convergence rate and sinking into local optima in the process of inversion of atmospheric duct. Taking the inversion of the surface duct using refractivity from clutter (RFC) technique as an example to validate the performance of the proposed OGABC, the inversion results are compared with those of the modified invasive weed optimization (MIWO) and ABC. The radar sea clutter power calculated by parabolic equation method using the simulated and measured refractivity profile is utilized to carry out the inversion of the surface duct, respectively. The comparative investigation results indicate that the performance of OGABC is superior to that of MIWO and ABC in terms of stability, accuracy, and convergence rate during the process of inversion.