Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5063450, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5063450
Research Article

Azimuth/Elevation Directional Finding with Automatic Pair Matching

Department of Electrical Engineering, Prince Mohamed Bin Fahd University, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia

Received 11 April 2016; Revised 21 September 2016; Accepted 15 November 2016

Academic Editor: Aboulnasr Hassanien

Copyright © 2016 Nizar Tayem. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Wu and H. C. So, “Simple and accurate two-dimensional angle estimation for a single source with uniform circular array,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 7, pp. 78–80, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. Wu, G. Liao, and H. C. So, “A fast algorithm for 2-D direction-of-arrival estimation,” Signal Processing, vol. 83, no. 8, pp. 1827–1831, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Heidenreich, A. M. Zoubir, and M. Rubsamen, “Joint 2-D DOA estimation and phase calibration for uniform rectangular arrays,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 60, no. 9, pp. 4683–4693, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Tayem and H. M. Kwon, “L-shape 2-dimensional arrival angle estimation with propagator method,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1622–1630, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Hua, T. K. Sarkar, and D. D. Weiner, “An L-shaped array for estimating 2-D directions of wave arrival,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 143–146, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Marcos, A. Marsal, and M. Benidir, “The propagator method for source bearing estimation,” Signal Processing, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 121–138, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. E. F. Del Rio and M. F. Câtedra-Pérez, “The matrix pencil method for two-dimensional direction of arrival estimation employing an l-shaped array,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 1693–1694, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F.-J. Chen, S. Kwong, and C.-W. Kok, “ESPRIT-like two-dimensional DOA estimation for coherent signals,” IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 1477–1484, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. Zhang, Z. Ye, X. Xu, and J. Cui, “Estimation of two-dimensional direction-of-arrival for uncorrelated and coherent signals with low complexity,” IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 507–519, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. Tayem, M. Omer, and A. Abul Hussain, “DOA estimation method using R matrix of the QR factorized data and its prototype implementation on NI-PXI platform,” in Proceedings of the 33rd Annual IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM '14), pp. 333–337, Baltimore, Md, USA, October 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T.-H. Liu and J. M. Mendel, “Azimuth and elevation direction finding using arbitrary array geometries,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 2061–2065, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. Porat and B. Friedlander, “Direction finding algorithms based on high-order statistics,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 2016–2024, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Chevalier, L. Albera, A. Ferréol, and P. Comon, “On the virtual array concept for higher order array processing,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1254–1271, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  14. M. C. Dogan and J. M. Mendel, “Applications of cumulants to array Processing-Part I: aperture extension and array calibration,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 1200–1216, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. P. Chevalier and A. Férréol, “On the virtual array concept for the fourth-order direction finding problem,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 2592–2595, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. Chevalier, A. Ferréol, and L. Albera, “High-resolution direction finding from higher order statistics: the 2q-MUSIC algorithm,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 2986–2997, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Liang, “Joint azimuth and elevation direction finding using cumulant,” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 390–398, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. A. J. van der Veen, P. B. Ober, and E. F. Deprettere, “Azimuth and elevation computation in high resolution DOA estimation,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 1828–1832, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. L. Swindlehurst and T. Kailath, “Azimuth/elevation direction finding using regular array geometries,” IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 145–156, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Kikuchi, H. Tsuji, and A. Sano, “Pair-matching method for estimating 2-D angle of arrival with a cross-correlation matrix,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 35–40, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. Bro, N. D. Sidiropoulos, and G. B. Giannakis, “Optimal joint azimuth-elevation and signal-array response estimation using parallel factor analysis,” in Proceedings of the 32nd Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems & Computers, pp. 1594–1598, November 1998. View at Scopus
  22. R. Bro, “PARAFAC: tutorials and applications,” Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 149–171, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. N. D. Sidiropoulos, R. Bro, and G. B. Giannakis, “Parallel factor analysis in sensor array processing,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 2377–2388, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. N. D. Sidiropoulos, G. B. Giannakis, and R. Bro, “Blind PARAFAC receivers for DS-CDMA systems,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 810–823, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Z.-S. Qi, Y. Guo, and B.-H. Wang, “Blind direction-of-arrival estimation algorithm for conformal array antenna with respect to polarisation diversity,” IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 433–442, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. Zou, J. Lasenby, and Z. He, “Direction and polarisation estimation using polarised cylindrical conformal arrays,” IET Signal Processing, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 395–403, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  27. W. Si, L. Wan, L. Liu, and Z. Tian, “Fast estimation of frequency and 2-D doas for cylindrical conformal array antenna using state-space and propagator method,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research, vol. 137, pp. 51–71, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. A. Harshman, “Foundation of the PARAFAC procedure: model and conditions for an ‘explanatory’multi-mode factor analysis,” UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics, vol. 16, pp. 1–84, 1970. View at Google Scholar
  29. L. Wan, W. Si, L. Liu, Z. Tian, and N. Feng, “High accuracy 2D-DOA estimation for conformal array using PARAFAC,” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2014, Article ID 394707, 14 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Z. Xiaofei, L. Jianfeng, and X. Lingyun, “Novel two-dimensional DOA estimation with L-shaped array,” EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, vol. 2011, article 50, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. A. Stegeman and N. D. Sidiropoulos, “On Kruskal's uniqueness condition for the Candecomp/Parafac decomposition,” Linear Algebra and Its Applications, vol. 420, no. 2-3, pp. 540–552, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  32. J. B. Kruskal, “Three-way arrays: rank and uniqueness of trilinear decompositions, with application to arithmetic complexity and statistics,” Linear Algebra and Its Applications, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 95–138, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet
  33. R. Bro, “PARAFAC. Tutorial and applications,” Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 149–171, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus