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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016, Article ID 5429510, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5429510
Research Article

Nantenna for Standard 1550 nm Optical Communication Systems

1KACST Technology Innovation Center in Radio Frequency and Photonics for the e-Society (RFTONICS), King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
2Institute of Electronics and Telecommunications of Rennes University (IETR), University of Rennes 1, 35700 Rennes, France
3Electrical Engineering Department, King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia

Received 26 February 2016; Accepted 3 July 2016

Academic Editor: Jaume Anguera

Copyright © 2016 Waleed Tariq Sethi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nanoscale transmission and reception technologies will play a vital role and be part of the next generation communication networks. This applies for all application fields including imaging, health, biosensing, civilian, and military communications. The detection of light frequency using nanooptical antennas may possibly become a good competitor to the semiconductor based photodetector because of the simplicity of integration, cost, and inherent capability to detect the phase and amplitude instead of power only. In this paper, authors propose simulated design of a hexagonal dielectric loaded nantenna (HDLN) and explore its potential benefits at the standard optical C-band (1550 nm). The proposed nantenna consists of “Ag-SiO2-Ag” structure, consisting of “Si” hexagonal dielectric with equal lengths fed by “Ag” nanostrip transmission line. The simulated nantenna achieves an impedance bandwidth of 3.7% (190.9 THz–198.1 THz) and a directivity of 8.6 dBi, at a center frequency of 193.5 THz, covering most of the ITU-T standard optical transmission window (C-band). The hexagonal dielectric nantenna produces modes and the wave propagation is found to be end-fire. The efficiency of the nantenna is proven via numerical expressions, thus making the proposed design viable for nanonetwork communications.