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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5961309, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5961309
Research Article

Pattern Reconfigurable Wideband Stacked Microstrip Patch Antenna for 60 GHz Band

Department of Electrical and Information Technology, Lund University, Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden

Received 18 September 2015; Revised 30 December 2015; Accepted 10 January 2016

Academic Editor: Giuseppe Castaldi

Copyright © 2016 Alexander Bondarik and Daniel Sjöberg. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A beam shift method is presented for an aperture coupled stacked microstrip antenna with a gridded parasitic patch. The gridded parasitic patch is formed by nine close coupled identical rectangular microstrip patches. Each of these patches is resonant at the antenna central frequency. Using four switches connecting adjacent parasitic patches in the grid, it is possible to realize a pattern reconfigurable antenna with nine different beam directions in broadside, H-plane, E-plane, and diagonal planes. The switches are modeled by metal strips and different locations for strips are studied. As a result an increase in the antenna coverage is achieved. Measurement results for fabricated prototypes correspond very well to simulation results. The antenna is designed for 60 GHz central frequency and can be used in high speed wireless communication systems.