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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2016, Article ID 9269567, 11 pages
Research Article

Enhanced Next Generation Millimeter-Wave Multicarrier System with Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing

1NTT DOCOMO, Inc., Tokyo, Japan
2School of Computer Science and Engineering, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3mmWave Standards and Advanced Technology (mSAT) Team, Intel Corporation, San Diego, CA, USA

Received 25 July 2016; Revised 7 November 2016; Accepted 14 November 2016

Academic Editor: Imdad Khan

Copyright © 2016 Hidekazu Shimodaira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a popular multicarrier technique used to attain high spectral efficiencies. It also has other advantages such as multipath tolerance and ease of implementation. However, OFDM based systems suffer from high Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR) problem. Because of the nonlinearity of the power amplifiers, the high PAPR causes significant distortion in the transmitted signal for millimeter-wave (mmWave) systems. To alleviate the high PAPR problem, this paper utilizes Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing (GFDM) which can achieve high spectral efficiency as well as low PAPR. In this paper, we show the performance of GFDM using the IEEE 802.11ad multicarrier frame structures. IEEE 802.11ad is considered one of the most successful industry standards utilizing unlicensed mmWave frequency band. In addition, this paper indicates the feasibility of using GFDM for the future standards such as IEEE 802.11ay. This paper studies the performance improvements in terms of PAPR reduction for GFDM. Based on the performance results, the optimal numbers of subcarriers and subsymbols are calculated for PAPR reduction while minimizing the Bit Error Rate (BER) performance degradation. Moreover, transmitter side ICI (Intercarrier Interference) reduction is introduced to reduce the receiver load.