Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3687293, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3687293
Research Article

A Time Modulated Printed Dipole Antenna Array for Beam Steering Application

1Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Thapar University, Patiala 147004, India
2Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Silchar 788010, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Banani Basu; ni.oohay@inanab_usab

Received 5 October 2016; Revised 18 December 2016; Accepted 4 January 2017; Published 16 February 2017

Academic Editor: Sotirios K. Goudos

Copyright © 2017 Ruchi Gahley and Banani Basu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. L. Stutzman and G. A. Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 3rd edition, 2013.
  2. R. J. Mailloux, Phased Array Antenna Handbook, Artech House, Norwood, Mass, USA, 2nd edition, 2005.
  3. B. Basu and G. K. Mahanti, “Beam reconfiguration of linear array of parallel dipole antennas through switching with real excitation voltage distribution,” Annales des Telecommunications/Annals of Telecommunications, vol. 67, no. 5-6, pp. 285–293, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Q. Zhu, S. Yang, L. Zheng, and Z. Nie, “Design of a low sidelobe time modulated linear array with uniform amplitude and sub-sectional optimized time steps,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 60, no. 9, pp. 4436–4439, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Tong and A. Tennant, “Sideband level suppression in time-modulated linear arrays using modified switching sequences and fixed bandwidth elements,” Electronics Letters, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 10–11, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. T. Bekele, L. Poli, P. Rocca, M. D'Urso, and A. Massa, “Pulse-shaping strategy for time modulated arrays—analysis and design,” Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 61, no. 7, pp. 3525–3537, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  7. A.-M. Yao, W. Wu, and D.-G. Fang, “Single-sideband time-modulated phased array,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 1957–1968, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  8. M. A. Mangoud, H. M. Elragal, and M. T. Alshara, “Design of time modulated concentric circular and concentric hexagonal antenna array using hybrid enhanced particle swarm optimisation and differential evolution algorithm,” IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 657–665, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Euziere, R. Guinvarc'h, B. Uguen, and R. Gillard, “Optimization of sparse time-modulated array by genetic algorithm for radar applications,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 13, pp. 161–164, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Yang, W. Li, and X. Shi, “Phase modulation technique for four-dimensional arrays,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 13, pp. 1393–1396, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Tong and A. Tennant, “A two-channel time modulated linear array with adaptive beamforming,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 141–147, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Ruchi, A. Nandi, and B. Basu, “Design of beam forming network for time-modulated linear array with artificial bees colony algorithm,” International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 508–521, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. He, X. Liang, B. Zhou, J. Geng, and R. Jin, “Space-division multiple access based on time-modulated array,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 14, pp. 610–613, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. Rocca, Q. Zhu, E. T. Bekele, S. Yang, and A. Massa, “4-D arrays as enabling technology for cognitive radio systems,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 1102–1116, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. Guney and S. Basbug, “Null synthesis of time-modulated circular antenna arrays using an improved differential evolution algorithm,” IEEE Antennas And Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 12, pp. 817–820, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. G. Bogdan, P. R. Bajurko, and Y. Yashchyshyn, “Null-steering in two-element time modulated linear antenna array through pulse-delay approach,” in Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Microwaves, Radar and Wireless Communications (MIKON '14), Gdansk, Poland, June 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. He, X. Liang, Z. Li, J. Geng, and R. Jin, “Direction finding by time-modulated array with harmonic characteristic analysis,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 14, pp. 642–645, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Q. Zhu, S. Yang, R. Yao, and Z. Nie, “Directional modulation based on 4-D antenna arrays,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 621–628, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. I. J. Bahl and P. Bhartia, Microstrip Antennas, Artech House, Norwood, Mass, USA, 2003.
  20. Z. G. Fan, S. Qiao, J. T. Huangfu, and L. X. Ran, “A miniaturized printed dipole antenna with V-shaped ground for 2.45 GHz RFID readers,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research, vol. 71, pp. 149–158, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Li and K.-M. Luk, “A low-profile unidirectional printed antenna for millimeter-wave applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 1232–1237, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. Reig and E. Ávila-Navarro, “Printed antennas for sensor applications: a review,” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 2406–2418, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. R. Behera and A. R. Harish, “A novel printed wideband dipole antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 60, no. 9, pp. 4418–4422, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. Xu, Z. Zhu, H. Li, J. Huangfu, C. Li, and L. Ran, “A printed single-layer UWB monopole antenna with extended ground plane stubs,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 12, pp. 237–240, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Zomorrodi and N. Chandra Karmakar, “Chipless RFID reader: low-cost wideband printed dipole array antenna,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 18–29, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. S. Ellis, Z. Zhao, J. Wu, Z. Nie, and Q. H. Liu, “Small planar monopole ultra-wideband antenna with reduced ground plane effect,” IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. 1028–1034, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. S. Khan, A.-D. Capobianco, A. Naqvi, B. Ijaz, S. Asif, and B. D. Braaten, “Planar, compact ultra-wideband polarisation diversity antenna array,” IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, vol. 9, no. 15, pp. 1761–1768, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. M. Storn, K. V. Price, and J. A. Lampinen, Differential Evolution—A Practical Approach to Global Optimization, Natural Computing Series, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2005. View at MathSciNet
  29. S. Das, A. Abraham, U. K. Chakraborty, and A. Konar, “Differential evolution using a neighborhood-based mutation operator,” IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 526–553, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus