Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7158752, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7158752
Research Article

Pattern Synthesis of Linear Antenna Arrays Using Enhanced Flower Pollination Algorithm

Department of ECE, Thapar University, Patiala, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Rohit Salgotra; moc.liamg@00.avonossac

Received 18 October 2016; Revised 9 December 2016; Accepted 18 January 2017; Published 20 February 2017

Academic Editor: Shih Yuan Chen

Copyright © 2017 Urvinder Singh and Rohit Salgotra. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Balanis, Antenna Theory-Analysis and Design, John Wiley & Sons, 2nd edition, 1997.
  2. A. Recioui, “Sidelobe level reduction in linear array pattern synthesis using particle swarm optimization,” Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, vol. 153, no. 2, pp. 497–512, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. M. Khodier and C. G. Christodoulou, “Linear array geometry synthesis with minimum sidelobe level and null control using particle swarm optimization,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 53, no. 8, pp. 2674–2679, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Shihab, Y. Najjar, N. Dib, and M. Khodier, “Design of non-uniform circular antenna arrays using particle swarm optimization,” Journal of Electrical Engineering, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 216–220, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Pathak, G. K. Mahanti, S. K. Singh, J. K. Mishra, and A. Chakraborty, “Synthesis of thinned planar circular array antennas using modified particle swarm optimization,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, vol. 12, pp. 87–97, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. N. Dib and A. Sharaqa, “Synthesis of thinned concentric circular antenna arrays using teaching-learning-based optimization,” International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 443–450, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Rattan, M. S. Patterh, and B. S. Sohi, “Synthesis of aperiodic liner antenna arrays using genetic algorithm,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Applied Electromagnetics and Communications (ICECom '07), pp. 1–4, September 2007.
  8. C. Lin, A. Qing, and Q. Feng, “Synthesis of unequally spaced antenna arrays by using differential evolution,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 58, no. 8, pp. 2553–2561, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. N. Dib, S. K. Goudos, and H. Muhsen, “Application of Taguchi's optimization method and self-adaptive differential evolution to the synthesis of linear antenna arrays,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research, vol. 102, pp. 159–180, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. Cengiz and H. Tokat, “Linear antenna array design with use of genetic, memetic and tabu search optimization algorithms,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research C, vol. 1, pp. 63–72, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. U. Singh, H. Kumar, and T. S. Kamal, “Linear array synthesis using biogeography based optimization,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research M, vol. 11, pp. 25–36, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  12. A. Sharaqa and N. Dib, “Design of linear and elliptical antenna arrays using biogeography based optimization,” Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 2929–2939, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. Rajo-lglesias and Ó. Quevedo-Teruel, “Linear array synthesis using an ant-colony-optimization-based algorithm,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 70–79, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Pal, B.-Y. Qu, S. Das, and P. N. Suganthan, “Optimal synthesis of linear antenna arrays with multi-objective differential evolution,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, no. 21, pp. 87–111, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Chowdhury, R. Giri, A. Ghosh, S. Das, A. Abraham, and V. Snasel, “Linear antenna array synthesis using fitness-adaptive differential evolution algorithm,” in Proceedings of the 6th IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence (WCCI '10)—IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC '10), July 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Guney and M. Onay, “Optimal synthesis of linear antenna arrays using a harmony search algorithm,” Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 38, no. 12, pp. 15455–15462, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. U. Singh and M. Rattan, “Design of linear and circular antenna arrays using cuckoo optimization algorithm,” PIER C, vol. 46, pp. 1–11, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  18. K. Guney and A. Durmus, “Pattern nulling of linear antenna arrays using backtracking search optimization algorithm,” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2015, Article ID 713080, 10 pages, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Khodier, “Optimisation of antenna arrays using the cuckoo search algorithm,” IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 458–464, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. K. Goudos, V. Moysiadou, T. Samaras, K. Siakavara, and J. N. Sahalos, “Application of a comprehensive learning particle swarm optimizer to unequally spaced linear array synthesis with sidelobe level suppression and null control,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 9, pp. 125–129, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. U. Singh and R. Salgotra, “Synthesis of linear antenna array using flower pollination algorithm,” Neural Computing and Applications, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Walker, “How flowers conquered the world,” BBC Earth News, July 2009, http://news.bbc.co.uk/earth/hi/earth_news/newsid_8143000/8143095.stm.
  23. B. Glover, Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An Integrated Appraoch, Oxford University Press, 2007.
  24. N. M. Waser, “Flower constancy: definition, cause, and measurement,” The American Naturalist, vol. 127, no. 5, pp. 593–603, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. X. S. Yang, “Flower pollination algorithm for global optimization,” in Unconventional Computation and Natural Computation, pp. 240–249, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  26. A. Draa, “On the performances of the flower pollination algorithm—qualitative and quantitative analyses,” Applied Soft Computing, vol. 34, pp. 349–371, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Jamil and X.-S. Yang, “A literature survey of benchmark functions for global optimisation problems,” International Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Optimisation, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 150–194, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  28. D. Karaboga, “An idea based on honey bee swarm for numerical optimization,” Tech. Rep. TR-06, Computer Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Erciyes University, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  29. R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolution—a simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” Journal of Global Optimization, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 341–359, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. X.-S. Yang and A. H. Gandomi, “Bat algorithm: a novel approach for global engineering optimization,” Engineering Computations, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 464–483, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus