Table 3: Parameter setups of the simulation.

ParameterSymbolValue

Length of the railway30 km
Transmit power15 dBm
White Gaussian noise−104 dBm
Bit error rate constraint0.01
Hand-off factor2
Hand-off time2 s
Velocity of the train300 km/h
Network rate limit1 Mbit/s
Path loss exponent3.665
Distance between the antennas of the DAS and the train50 m
Network bandwidth106 Hz
The number of the antennas within a single cell4
Oscillation factor0.01
Close-in reference distance100 m
Path loss for distance 71.83