Table 1: Imaging methods for measuring midline shift and their applications.

MethodDisease or indicationRelated references

Computed tomographyTraumatic brain injury[1018]
Middle cerebral artery infarction[1921]
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage[22, 23]
Chronic subdural hematoma[24, 25]
Brain abscess[26]
Cranioplasty[27]

Magnetic resonance imagingMiddle cerebral artery infarction[28]
Cerebral venous thrombosis[29]
Brain tumor[30], [31]
Brain abscess[26]

UltrasoundTraumatic brain injury[4, 32]
Middle cerebral artery infarction[4, 33, 34]
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage[4, 33, 35]

Reference number followed by a dagger () denotes studies that do not demonstrate significant correlation to other variables.