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International Journal of Biomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 394121, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/394121
Review Article

Mini-Implants in the Anchorage Armamentarium: New Paradigms in the Orthodontics

1Department of Orthodontics, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, 2-870-1 Sakaecho-Nishi, Chiba, Matsudo 271-8587, Japan
2Maxillofacial Surgery, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Matsudo 271-8587, Japan
3Dental Biomaterials, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Matsudo 271-8587, Japan

Received 5 March 2012; Accepted 6 April 2012

Academic Editor: Yo Shibata

Copyright © 2012 Masaru Yamaguchi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Paradigms have started to shift in the orthodontic world since the introduction of mini-implants in the anchorage armamentarium. Various forms of skeletal anchorage, including miniscrews and miniplates, have been reported in the literature. Recently, great emphasis has been placed on the miniscrew type of temporary anchorage device (TAD). These devices are small, are implanted with a relatively simple surgical procedure, and increase the potential for better orthodontic results. Therefore, miniscrews not only free orthodontists from anchorage-demanding cases, but they also enable clinicians to have good control over tooth movement in 3 dimensions. The miniplate type also produces significant improvements in treatment outcomes and has widened the spectrum of orthodontics. The purpose of this paper is to update clinicians on the current concepts and versatile uses and clinical applications of skeletal anchorage in orthodontics.