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International Journal of Biomaterials
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 274082, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/274082
Review Article

Amnion and Chorion Membranes: Potential Stem Cell Reservoir with Wide Applications in Periodontics

1Department of Periodontics, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana 133207, India
2Department of Oral Pathology, Jaipur Dental College, Jaipur, Rajasthan 303805, India

Received 10 September 2015; Accepted 8 November 2015

Academic Editor: Sean Peel

Copyright © 2015 Akanksha Gupta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The periodontal therapy usually aims at elimination of disease causing bacteria and resolution of inflammation. It involves either resective or regenerative surgery to resolve the inflammation associated defects. Over the years, several methods have been used for achievement of periodontal regeneration. One of the oldest biomaterials used for scaffolds is the fetal membrane. The amniotic membranes of developing embryo, that is, amnion (innermost lining) and chorion (a layer next to it), have the properties with significant potential uses in dentistry. This paper reviews the properties, mechanism of action, and various applications of these placental membranes in general and specifically in Periodontics.