Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Biomaterials
Volume 2018, Article ID 7275617, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7275617
Research Article

Early Biofilm Formation on UV Light Activated Nanoporous TiO2 Surfaces In Vivo

1PhD Student, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Stomatognathic Physiology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Finland
2Professor, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Finland
3Senior Lecturer, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Stomatognathic Physiology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Finland
4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
5Adjunct Professor, Turku Clinical Biomaterials Centre, University of Turku, Finland
6Professor, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Stomatognathic Physiology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Finland
7Chief Hospital Dentist, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland

Correspondence should be addressed to Nagat Areid; if.utu@eraamn

Received 7 September 2018; Accepted 8 November 2018; Published 22 November 2018

Academic Editor: Feng-Huei Lin

Copyright © 2018 Nagat Areid et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. Hjalmarsson, M. Gheisarifar, and T. Jemt, “A systematic review of survival of single implants as presented in longitudinal studies with a follow-up of at least 10 years,” European Journal of Oral Implantology, vol. 9 (suppl 1), pp. 155–162, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. Esposito, J.-M. Hirsch, U. Lekholm, and P. Thomsen, “Biological factors contributing to failures of osseointegrated oral implants. (I). Success criteria and epidemiology,” European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 527–551, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Mombelli and N. P. Lang, “The diagnosis and treatment of peri-implantitis,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 63–76, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Lindhe and J. Meyle, “Peri-implant diseases: consensus report of the sixth European Workshop on Periodontology,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 282–285, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. P. Lang, T. G. Wilson, and E. F. Corbet, “Biological complications with dental implants: their prevention, diagnosis and treatment,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 11, pp. 146–155, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. A. Atieh, N. H. M. Alsabeeha, C. M. Faggion Jr., and W. J. Duncan, “The frequency of peri-implant diseases: a systematic review and meta-Analysis,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 84, no. 11, pp. 1586–1598, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. M. Donlan and J. W. Costerton, “Biofilms: survival mechanisms of clinically relevant microorganisms,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 167–193, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. W. M. Dunne Jr., “Bacterial adhesion: seen any good biofilms lately?” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 155–166, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. E. Kolenbrander, R. J. Palmer Jr., A. H. Rickard, N. S. Jakubovics, N. I. Chalmers, and P. I. Diaz, “Bacterial interactions and successions during plaque development,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 47–79, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Al-Ahmad, J. Faust, M. Bächle et al., “Biofilm formation and composition on different implant materials in vivo,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 101–109, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. P. S. Kumar, M. R. Mason, M. R. Brooker, and K. O'Brien, “Pyrosequencing reveals unique microbial signatures associated with healthy and failing dental implants,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 425–433, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Koo, M. L. Falsetta, and M. I. Klein, “The exopolysaccharide matrix: a virulence determinant of cariogenic biofilm,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 92, no. 12, pp. 1065–1073, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Tamura, H. Yonezawa, M. Motegi et al., “Inhibiting effects of Streptococcus salivarius on competence-stimulating peptide-dependent biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans,” Oral microbiology and immunology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 152–161, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. S. Stewart and J. W. Costerton, “Antibiotic resistance of bacteria in biofilms,” The Lancet, vol. 358, no. 9276, pp. 135–138, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Areva, H. Paldan, T. Peltola, T. Närhi, M. Jokinen, and M. Lindén, “Use of sol-gel-derived titania coating for direct soft tissue attachment,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 169–178, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. Paldan, S. Areva, and T. Tirri, “Soft tissue attachment on sol-gel-treated titanium implants in vivo,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1283–1290, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Guida, A. Oliva, M. A. Basile, M. Giordano, L. Nastri, and M. Annunziata, “Human gingival fibroblast functions are stimulated by oxidized nano-structured titanium surfaces,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 900–907, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Areva, T. Peltola, E. Säilynoja, K. Laajalehto, M. Lindén, and J. B. Rosenholm, “Effect of albumin and fibrinogen on calcium phosphate formation on sol-gel-derived titania coatings in vitro,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1614–1621, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. V. V. Meretoja, S. Rossi, T. Peltola, L. J. Pelliniemi, and T. O. Närhi, “Adhesion and proliferation of human fibroblasts on sol-gel coated titania,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 269–275, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. B. Brunski, D. A. Puleo, and A. Nanci, “Biomaterials and biomechanics of oral and maxillofacial implants: current status and future developments,” International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 15–46, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. F. Heidenau, W. Mittelmeier, R. Detsch et al., “A novel antibacterial titania coating: Metal ion toxicity and in vitro surface colonization,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 883–888, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. V. Fröjd, P. Linderbäck, A. Wennerberg, L. Chávez de Paz, G. Svensäter, and J. R. Davies, “Effect of nanoporous TiO2 coating and anodized Ca2+ modification of titanium surfaces on early microbial biofilm formation,” BMC Oral Health, vol. 11, no. 8, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. Hoshi, H. Negishi, S. Okada, T. Nonami, and K. Kimoto, “Response of human fibroblasts to implant surface coated with titanium dioxide photocatalytic films,” Journal of Prosthodontic Research, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 185–191, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Werner, O. Huck, B. Frisch et al., “The effect of microstructured surfaces and laminin-derived peptide coatings on soft tissue interactions with titanium dental implants,” Biomaterials, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 2291–2301, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Botos, H. Yousef, B. Zweig, R. Flinton, and S. Weiner, “The effects of laser microtexturing of the dental implant collar on crestal bone levels and peri-implant health,” The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 492–498, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. A. Foster, I. B. Ditta, S. Varghese, and A. Steele, “Photocatalytic disinfection using titanium dioxide: spectrum and mechanism of antimicrobial activity,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 1847–1868, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. J. Riley, V. Bavastrello, U. Covani, A. Barone, and C. Nicolini, “An in-vitro study of the sterilization of titanium dental implants using low intensity UV-radiation,” Dental Materials, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 756–760, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. Unosson, E. K. Tsekoura, H. Engqvist, and K. Welch, “Synergetic inactivation of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Streptococcus mutansin a TiO2/H2O2/UV system,” Biomatter, vol. 3, no. 4, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. Fujishima, X. Zhang, and D. A. Tryk, “TiO2 photocatalysis and related surface phenomena,” Surface Science Reports, vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 515–582, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. F. Rupp, M. Haupt, H. Klostermann et al., “Multifunctional nature of UV-irradiated nanocrystalline anatase thin films for biomedical applications,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 4566–4577, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. P.-C. Maness, S. Smolinski, D. M. Blake, Z. Huang, E. J. Wolfrum, and W. A. Jacoby, “Bactericidal activity of photocatalytic TiO2 reaction: toward an understanding of its killing mechanism,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 65, no. 9, pp. 4094–4098, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. E. Unosson, C. Persson, K. Welch, and H. Engqvist, “Photocatalytic activity of low temperature oxidized Ti-6Al-4V,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1173–1180, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. Nakagawa, L. Zhang, K. Udoh, S. Matsuya, and K. Ishikawa, “Effects of hydrothermal treatment with CaCl2 solution on surface property and cell response of titanium implants,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 985–991, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. N. Areid, I. Kangasniemi, E. Söderling, and T. O. Närhi, “Ultraviolet photofunctionalization of nanostructured titanium surfaces enhances thrombogenicity and platelet response,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, vol. 29, no. 5, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. N. Areid, A. Peltola, I. Kangasniemi, A. Ballo, and T. O. Närhi, “Effect of ultraviolet light treatment on surface hydrophilicity and human gingival fibroblast response on nanostructured titanium surfaces,” Clinical and Experimental Dental Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 78–85, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. J. Tanner, C. Robinson, E. Söderling, and P. Vallittu, “Early plaque formation on fibre-reinforced composites in vivo,” Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 154–160, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. O. G. Gold, H. V. Jordan, and J. van Houte, “A selective medium for Streptococcus mutans,” Archives of Oral Biolog, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 1357–1364, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. T. Fujiwara, E. Sasada, N. Mima, and T. Ooshima, “Caries prevalence and salivary mutans streptococci in 0–2‐year‐old children of Japan,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 151–154, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. E. Söderling, P. Isokangas, K. Pienihäkkinen, and J. Tenovuo, “Influence of maternal xylitol consumption on acquisition of mutans streptococci by infants,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 882–887, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. Quirynen, R. Vogels, M. Pauwels et al., “Initial subgingival colonization of 'pristine' pockets,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 340–344, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. C. Elter, W. Heuer, and A. Demling, “Supra- and subgingival biofilm formation on implant abutments with different surface characteristics,” The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 327–334, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. P. I. Diaz, N. I. Chalmers, A. H. Rickard et al., “Molecular characterization of subject-specific oral microflora during initial colonization of enamel,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 2837–2848, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. F. Costa, I. F. Carvalho, R. C. Montelaro, P. Gomes, and M. C. L. Martins, “Covalent immobilization of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) onto biomaterial surfaces,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1431–1440, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. Katsikogianni and Y. F. Missirlis, “Concise review of mechanisms of bacterial adhesion to biomaterials and of techniques used in estimating bacteria-material interactions,” European Cells & Materials, vol. 8, pp. 37–57, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. R. Bürgers, T. Gerlach, S. Hahnel, F. Schwarz, G. Handel, and M. Gosau, “In vivo and in vitro biofilm formation on two different titanium implant surfaces,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 156–164, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. W. Teughels, N. Van Assche, I. Sliepen, and M. Quirynen, “Effect of material characteristics and/or surface topography on biofilm development,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 68–81, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. C. M. L. Bollen, W. Papaioanno, J. Van Eldere, E. Schepers, M. Quirynen, and D. Van Steenberghe, “The influence of abutment surface roughness on plaque accumulation and peri-implant mucositis,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 201–211, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. H. Aita, W. Att, T. Ueno et al., “Ultraviolet light-mediated photofunctionalization of titanium to promote human mesenchymal stem cell migration, attachment, proliferation and differentiation,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 3247–3257, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. M. Quirynen and C. M. Bollen, “The influence of surface roughness and surface-free energy on supra- and subgingival plaque formation in man. A review of the literature.,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. N. Villard, C. Seneviratne, J. K. H. Tsoi, M. Heinonen, and J. Matinlinna, “Candida albicans aspects of novel silane system-coated titanium and zirconia implant surfaces,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 332–341, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. E. T. J. Rochford, G. Subbiahdoss, T. F. Moriarty et al., “An in vitro investigation of bacteria-osteoblast competition on oxygen plasma-modified PEEK,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 102, no. 12, pp. 4427–4434, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. A. P. Tomsia, J. S. Lee, U. G. K. Wegst, and E. Saiz, “Nanotechnology for dental implants,” The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. e535–e546, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. N. Suketa, T. Sawase, H. Kitaura et al., “An antibacterial surface on dental implants, based on the photocatalytic bactericidal effect,” Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 105–111, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. H. Aita, N. Hori, M. Takeuchi et al., “The effect of ultraviolet functionalization of titanium on integration with bone,” Biomaterials, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 1015–1025, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. Y. Yamada, M. Yamada, T. Ueda, and K. Sakurai, “Reduction of biofilm formation on titanium surface with ultraviolet-C pre-irradiation,” Journal of Biomaterials Applications, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 161–171, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. A. M. Gallardo-Moreno, M. A. Pacha-Olivenza, L. Saldaña et al., “In vitro biocompatibility and bacterial adhesion of physico-chemically modified Ti6Al4V surface by means of UV irradiation,” Acta Biomaterialia, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 181–192, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus