International Journal of Biomaterials / 2019 / Article / Fig 3

Review Article

Surface Activation and Pretreatments for Biocompatible Metals and Alloys Used in Biomedical Applications

Figure 3

SEM images of chemically treated Ti in (a) NaOH, (b) H3PO4 + H2O2 solution, and (c) electrochemically treated in NH4F + glycerol + water electrolyte (20V for 2 h) [38].


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