Computational and Experimental Evaluation of Inhibition Potential of a New Ecologically Friendly Inhibitor Leaves of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) for Aluminium Corrosion in an Acidic MediaRead the full article
International Journal of Corrosion publishes research dedicated to understanding, managing, and preventing corrosion in all its manifestations. The journal welcomes the submission of both fundamental and highly applied studies.
International Journal of Corrosion maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.
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Electrochemical, Isotherm, and Material Strength Studies of Cucumeropsis mannii Shell Extract on A515 Grade 70 Carbon Steel in NaCl Solution
In this study, corrosion inhibition efficiency of Cucumeropsis mannii shell extract (CMSE) was tested on A515 Grade 70 carbon steel in 1.0 M NaCl solution. Potentiodynamic polarization (PDP), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and weight loss (WL) measurements were used to investigate the inhibition efficiency. Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, atomic adsorption spectroscopy, and energy dispersive spectroscopy were used to characterize the carbon steel and extract. PDP and EIS measurements revealed maximum inhibition efficiency of 91.2% and 92.2%, respectively. Tafel plot confirmed inhibitor to be a mixed type. A monolayer adsorption of CMSE molecules occurred spontaneously by physisorption. Polarization resistance increased with increasing inhibitor concentration. WL measurement revealed decrease in corrosion rate with increasing concentration of corrosion inhibitor. Maximum Young modulus and hardness of 202.4 GPa and 112.3 BHN, respectively, were recorded for the carbon steel at a minimum corrosion rate and load. Pitting and uniform corrosion were formed on the carbon steel in the absence of CMSE. CMSE contains –OH, –OCH3, and –C-NH3 as active functional groups. In conclusion, Cucumeropsis mannii shell extract acted excellently as corrosion inhibitor for A515 Grade 70 carbon steel in 1.0 M NaCl.
Galvanic Corrosion and Fatigue Behavior of a SM480C Welded Joint Steel in a Sea-Crossing Suspension Bridge
The corrosion tendency and fatigue behavior of a SM480C welded joint in a sea-crossing suspension bridge after twenty-year exposure to a marine environment was investigated in this work. It was found that the corrosion product on the whole surface of the welded joint is loose, with many holes and cracks, which allowing corrosive media enter and reach the surface of the substrate. Localized corrosion occurred in the weld zone (WZ) and the heat-affected zone (HAZ), the maximum depth of localized corrosion in the HAZ reached 1.8 mm, and the maximum local corrosion rate is 0.082 mm/y. By using Bimetallic Conjugation Theory calculations, the galvanic effect of the welded joint was qualified, indicates that HAZ was the most corrosion susceptible area in the welded joint. The galvanic corrosion current on HAZ reached approximately 2 μA, which is much higher than the corrosion of isolated HAZ by about 6.5 times. The corrosion has an obvious influence on the fatigue performance, the elongation of the bridge deck decreases by 40%~70%, and the tensile strength decreases by 4.5%~31.33%. In order to ensure the service safety and avoid premature failure, the average thickness of the corroded bridge deck should not be less than 10 mm under the stress amplitude of 115 MPa.
Anticorrosive Effect of Halogenated Aniline Enaminoesters on Carbon Steel in HCl
Four enaminoesters derived from halogenated aniline, with potential anticorrosion activity, were synthesized and tested against carbon steel AISI 1020 in acid medium using 1.0 mol L-1 HCl. The synthesis was demonstrated through the reaction of ethyl acetoacetate with four different amines, in the presence of glacial acetic acid and molecular sieve, using ethanol as solvent for 24 h. The evaluation of the anticorrosive activity was performed using the gravimetric technique and electrochemical methods, such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), linear polarization resistance (LPR), and potentiodynamic polarization (PP). Results indicated that the F-EN (Ethyl (2Z)-3-[(4-fluoro-phenyl)-amino]-but-2-enoate) inhibitor had higher corrosion inhibition efficiency, of 98% by mass loss, and 85% by electrochemical techniques. Adsorption obeyed the Langmuir isotherm, thus suggesting that the inhibitors form a monolayer film in metal surface. These results also contributed to the calculations of the physicochemical parameters of , , and , which confirmed the corrosion inhibition when compared to the absence of the inhibitors.
Investigation of Initial Atmospheric Corrosion of Carbon and Weathering Steels Exposed to Urban Atmospheres in Myanmar
This research is aimed at studying the corrosion rates of carbon and weathering steels due to exposure at three urban exposure sites and the characteristics of corrosion products of carbon steel in Yangon, Myanmar. The ISO 9223 standard was used to classify the corrosion aggressiveness of the atmosphere. There is a high level of time of wetness (TOW) class which is in the south and in the central part of Myanmar. At the recent exposure sites in Myanmar, the atmospheric impurities are low, so the corrosion rates of carbon and weathering steels are mainly governed by TOW. The corrosion rates of test sites fall into the ISO C2 category. It appears that corrosion kinetics fit the power model well, since the correlation coefficient is high. Various morphologies of corrosion products including globular, flowery, and sandy lepidocrocite emerged in the early stage of exposure. The longer TOW conditions resulted in the formation of lepidocrocite and goethite. The growth of goethite products on carbon steel was discovered after nine months of exposure.
In Situ Monitoring of Corrosion under Insulation Using Electrochemical and Mass Loss Measurements
Corrosion under insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels when they are encapsulated in thermal insulation. To date, very limited information (especially electrochemical data) is available for these “difficult-to-test” CUI conditions. This study was aimed at developing a novel electrochemical sensing method for in situ CUI monitoring and analysis. Pt-coated Ti wires were used to assemble a three-electrode electrochemical cell over a pipe surface covered by thermal insulation. The CUI behavior of X70 carbon steel (CS) and 304 stainless steel (SS) under various operating conditions was investigated using mass loss, linear polarization resistance (LPR), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. It was found that both the consecutive wet and dry cycles and cyclic temperatures accelerated the progression of CUI. LPR and EIS measurements revealed that the accelerated CUI by thermal cycling was due to the reduced polarization resistance and deteriorated corrosion film. Enhanced pitting corrosion was observed on all tested samples after thermal cycling conditions, especially for CS samples. The proposed electrochemical technique demonstrated the ability to obtain comparable corrosion rates to conventional mass loss data. In addition to its potential for in situ CUI monitoring, this design could be further applied to rank alloys, coatings, and inhibitors under more complex exposure conditions.
Evaluation of Electrochemical and Anticorrosion Properties of Polyaniline-Fly Ash Nanocomposite
In India, the thermal station generates approximately tons of fly ash (FA) as a waste by-product. As part of this work, little attempt was made to produce useful materials from waste material. In our current research, polyaniline- (PANI-) fly ash (FA) nanocomposite (PFNC) was synthesized using an in situ polymerization method. The synthesized composites were characterized by employing advanced analytical, microscopic, and spectroscopic tools. The results of the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirm the effective reinforcement of FA into PANI in PFNC. The presence of functional groups in PFNC has been confirmed by Raman and FT-IR spectroscopic techniques. The SEM micrographs of the nanocomposite revealed the presence of agglomerated and fragmented structures in PFNC. The weight loss for PFNC was observed to occur in three stages as revealed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). UV-visible spectra for PFNC proved that FA stabilized the PANI in emeraldine form. Electrodynamic polarization studies were conducted to explore the corrosion resistance of nanocomposite-coated mild steel. The corrosion current density () for PFNC-coated mild steel (MS) specimens was found to decrease when compared to the bare substrate, indicating superior corrosion resistance in PFNC-coated substrate. Similarly, Tafel and cyclic polarization studies too confirmed superior anticorrosion property for MS coated with PFNC.