Electrochemical and Thermodynamic Investigation on Corrosion Inhibition of C38 Steel in 1M Hydrochloric Acid Using the Hydro-Alcoholic Extract of Used Coffee GroundsRead the full article
International Journal of Corrosion publishes research dedicated to understanding, managing, and preventing corrosion in all its manifestations. The journal welcomes the submission of both fundamental and highly applied studies.
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Inhibition of Mild Steel Corrosion in 1M Hydrochloric Medium by the Methanolic Extract of Ammi visnaga L. Lam Seeds
The chemical composition of the methanolic extract of Ammi visnaga (Khella) seeds from the Sidi Slimane region is determined for the first time by Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). Ten compounds representing 99.638% of the total extract were identified. Khellin (49.011%), Visnagin (26.537%) and Dimethylethylamine (15.108%) are the major components. Moreover, the inhibitory effect of the Methanolic extract of the seeds of Ammi visnaga on the corrosion of mild steel in a solution of 1M HCl is determined using weight loss measurements, the potentiodynamic technique as well as the technique of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). It is found that the extract reduces the corrosion rate of the steel in the acid solution. Inhibition efficiency increases as the concentration of the extract increases. The tested compound has an inhibition efficiency of 84% for a concentration equal to 1.0 g/L. The polarization measurements indicate that the examined extract acts as a mixed inhibitor with predominant anodic efficacy. The data obtained from EIS studies are analyzed to model this process using appropriate equivalent circuit models. The adsorption of the extract on the surface of the mild steel obeys the Langmuir adsorption isotherm in acidic medium and the activation is determined and discussed.
Effect of Oxidizing Decontamination Process on Corrosion Property of 304L Stainless Steel
Corrosion behaviors of 304L stainless steel (SS) and 304L SS with oxides film (preoxidation 304L SS) in 1 g/L potassium permanganate solution of various pH values were investigated by using mass loss, electrochemical measurement and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation. The results showed that mass loss of 304L SS increases with the increase of sodium hydroxide or nitric acid concentration in 1 g/L potassium permanganate solution. The polarization curves of 304L SS in potassium permanganate solution show that passive zones are destroyed more easily in acid potassium permanganate solution than alkaline potassium permanganate solution. The corrosion ability of acid potassium permanganate (NP) decontamination solution used for 304L SS is more aggressive than alkaline potassium permanganate (AP) solution. The oxide film on the surface of preoxidation 304L SS can be removed completely in two oxidation reduction decontamination cycles, oxidizing solution of which comprised 0.4g/L sodium hydroxide and 1g/L potassium permanganate. The 304L SS and preoxidation 304L SS performed alkaline oxidation reduction decontamination of 3 cycles were reoxidation. The micromorphology of reoxidation specimens was similar to preoxidation 304L SS. Therefore the chemical decontamination of alkaline oxidizing and acid reducing steps had no negative effect on corrosion of 304L SS and reoxidation of 304L SS carried out decontamination.
Research Progress of Nitrite Corrosion Inhibitor in Concrete
Nitrite inhibitor is a kind of most effective inhibitory corrosion additive used in reinforced concrete. This paper expounded the inhibiting mechanism and physical property of nitrite in concrete. Moreover, the recent progress and application condition at home and abroad were summarized. Meanwhile, corresponding methods for detecting nitrite ion concentration is proposed. Additionally, the inhibition practice on corrosion protection of reinforcing bar in concrete was presented. The long-term inhibiting effectiveness of nitrite ion in concrete when the n()/n(Cl-) ratios were above the threshold values in concrete was obtained. Finally it is confirmed that critical molar ratio of n()/n(Cl-) increased with differential nitrite ion concentration, higher cathode, and anode area ratio in steel bar.
Epoxy Resin’s Influence in Metakaolin-Based Geopolymer’s Antiseawater Corrosion Performance
To obtain the influence mechanism of epoxy resin content, curing time, and other external factors on the compressive strength and seawater corrosion resistance of geopolymer, the NaOH and Na2SiO3 were used as activators; the effect of epoxy resin concentration on the corrosion resistance of metakaolin-based geopolymer was investigated by experiments. The mechanism of epoxy resin concentration affecting the polymerization process and the properties of geopolymer was analyzed by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy-energy spectrum, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. It was shown that the epoxy resin slowed down the polymerization. The presence of epoxy resin had a beneficial effect on compact structure. Furthermore, compared with the noncorrosive specimen, mixed with 30% specimen’s average compressive strength increased by 4.77MPa and 4.24MPa after curing for 1d and 3d and soaking for 56d.
Study on the Influence of AC Stray Current on X80 Steel under Stripped Coating by Electrochemical Method
The effect of AC stray current density on corrosion behavior of X80 steel with stripped coating defects was studied by electrochemical method. The experimental results showed that the open circuit potential of X80 steel was shifted negatively due to the existence of AC interference. The degree of negative shift increased with the increasing of AC stray current density. And the potential after the cut of AC interference was still more negative than before. That is, the corrosion interference continued after cutting the AC power. In the initial stage of the experiment, the corrosion current density with 30A/m2 AC stray current interference was about 1.4 times of that without AC interference, while the corrosion current density with 50A/m2 AC stray current interference was about two times of that without AC interference.
Effects of Chlorides on Corrosion of Simulated Reinforced Blended Cement Mortars
Cementitious materials are subject to degradation when subjected to corrosive chloride media. This paper reports the experimental results on corrosion studies conducted on a potential cementitious material, PCDC, made from a blend of 55 % Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), Dried Calcium Carbide Residue (DCCR), and an incineration mix of Rice Husks (RH), Spent Beaching Earth (SBE), and Ground Reject Bricks (BB). The experiments were run along 100 % OPC. Different w/c were used. Corrosion current densities using linear polarisation resistance (LPR) and corrosion potentials measurements versus saturated calomel electrode were used for the determination of corrosion rates and potentials, respectively, for simulated reinforcement at different depths of cover in the cement mortars. The results showed that PCDC exhibited higher corrosion current densities over all depths of covers and early attainment of active corrosion than the control cements. In conclusion, PCDC and OPC can be used in a similar corrosive media during construction.