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International Journal of Chronic Diseases
Volume 2014, Article ID 201423, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/201423
Research Article

Microvascular Complications and Their Associated Risk Factors in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali 160062, India
2Department of Endocrinology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160062, India

Received 18 July 2014; Revised 12 November 2014; Accepted 13 November 2014; Published 30 November 2014

Academic Editor: Jens Klotsche

Copyright © 2014 Dipika Bansal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of microvascular complications and associated risk factors in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a public tertiary care hospital. All the recruited patients underwent extensive examination for the presence of microvascular complications like neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy. Prevalence of any complication was 18.04%. Prevalence of neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy was found to be 8.2%, 9.5%, and 2.8%, respectively. Triglycerides (OR, 1.01; ) and old age (OR, 1.06; ) were significantly associated with any complication. Triglycerides were significantly associated with neuropathy (OR, 1.01; ) and retinopathy (OR, 1.01; ). Being male posed high risk for nephropathy (OR, 0.06; ). These results are suggesting need of regular screening for microvascular complications.