Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 747592, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/747592
Research Article

High Pressure Falling Sinker Liquid Viscosity Determination without Supplementary Density Data: A New Approach

Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Strathclyde, 75 Montrose Street, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK

Received 17 June 2009; Accepted 26 October 2009

Academic Editor: Mostafa Barigou

Copyright © 2009 Minyu Zeng and Carl Schaschke. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. R. Riazi and G. N. Al-Otaibi, “Estimation of viscosity of liquid hydrocarbon systems,” Fuel, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 27–32, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. N. A. Park and T. F. Irvine Jr., “Measurements of rheological fluid properties with the falling needle viscometer,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 2051–2058, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. N. A. Park and T. F. Irvine Jr., “The falling needle viscometer a new technique for viscosity measurements,” Wärme-und Stoffübertragung, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 201–206, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. M. Brizard, M. Megharfi, E. Mahé, and C. Verdier, “Design of a high precision falling-ball viscometer,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 76, no. 2, Article ID 025109, 6 pages, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. J. H. Dymond, K. J. Young, and J. D. Isdale, “Transport properties of nonelectrolyte liquid mixtures-II. Viscosity coefficients for the n-hexane + n-hexadecane system at temperatures from 25 to 100C at pressures up to the freezing pressure or 500 MPa,” International Journal of Thermophysics, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 345–373, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. J. B. Irving and A. J. Barlow, “An automatic high pressure viscometer,” Journal of Physics E, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 232–236, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. H.-P. Mattischek and R. Sobczak, “New cell for measurement of viscosity under high pressure,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 782–785, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  8. S. C. Vant, Investigation of fluid properties at non-ambient conditions, Ph.D. thesis, Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK, 2003.
  9. Z.-S. Sha, “The improvement on the falling needle viscometer,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 1809–1811, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  10. A. M. J. Davis and H. Brenner, “The falling-needle viscometer,” Physics of Fluids, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 3086–3088, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. A. Kumagai, Y. Kawase, and C. Yokoyama, “Falling capillary tube viscometer suitable for liquids at high pressure,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 1441–1445, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  12. C. Boned, C. K. Zéberg-Mikkelsen, A. Baylaucq, and P. Daugé, “High-pressure dynamic viscosity and density of two synthetic hydrocarbon mixtures representative of some heavy petroleum distillation cuts,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, vol. 212, no. 1-2, pp. 143–164, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Allal, M. Moha-Ouchane, and C. Boned, “A new free volume model for dynamic viscosity and density of dense fluids versus pressure and temperature,” Physics and Chemistry of Liquids, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 1–30, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  14. M. M. Aalto and K. I. Keskinen, “Liquid densities at high pressures,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, vol. 166, no. 2, pp. 183–205, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. V. N. Belonenko, V. M. Troitsky, Y. E. Belyaev, J. H. Dymond, and N. F. Glen, “Application of a micro-(p, V, T) apparatus for measurement of liquid densities at pressures up to 500 MPa,” Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 1203–1219, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. E. Kiran and Y. L. Sen, “High-pressure viscosity and density of n-alkanes,” International Journal of Thermophysics, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 411–442, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. H. Korsten, “Critical properties of hydrocarbon systems,” Chemical Engineering and Technology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 229–244, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  18. C. J. Schaschke, S. Allio, and E. Holmberg, “Viscosity measurement of vegetable oil at high pressure,” Food and Bioproducts Processing, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 173–178, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. J. B. Irving, “The effect of nonvertical alignment on the performance of a falling-cylinder viscometer,” Journal of Physics D, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 214–224, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. N. D. Cristescu, B. P. Conrad, and R. Tran-Son-Tay, “A closed form solution for falling cylinder viscometers,” International Journal of Engineering Science, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 605–620, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. C. J. Schaschke, S. Abid, I. Fletcher, and M. J. Heslop, “Evaluation of a falling sinker-type viscometer at high pressure using edible oil,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 51–58, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. E. G. Wehbeh, T. J. Ui, and R. G. Hussey, “End effects for the falling cylinder viscometer,” Physics of Fluids A, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 25–33, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. F. Stalnaker and R. G. Hussey, “Wall effects on cylinder drag at low Reynolds number,” Physics of Fluids, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 603–613, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  24. T. Lommatzsch, M. Megharfi, E. Mahe, and E. Devin, “Conceptual study of an absolute falling-ball viscometer,” Metrologia, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 531–534, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. P. Y. Huang and J. Feng, “Wall effects on the flow of viscoelastic fluids around a circular cylinder,” Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, vol. 60, no. 2-3, pp. 179–198, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  26. G. H. Ristow, “Wall correction factor for sinking cylinders in fluids,” Physical Review E, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 2808–2813, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  27. N. A. Park and T. F. Irvine Jr., “Falling cylinder viscometer end correction factor,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 66, no. 7, pp. 3982–3984, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. F. Gui and T. F. Irvine Jr., “Theoretical and experimental study of the falling cylinder viscometer,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 37, supplement 1, pp. 41–50, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  29. D. R. Caudwell, J. P. M. Trusler, V. Vesovic, and W. A. Wakeham, “The viscosity and density of n-dodecane and n-octadecane at pressures up to 200 MPa and temperatures up to 473 K,” International Journal of Thermophysics, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 1339–1352, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar