Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 121496, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/121496
Research Article

Utilization of Agrowaste Polymers in PVC/NBR Alloys: Tensile, Thermal, and Morphological Properties

1Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Al Balqa Applied University, Salt 19117, Jordan
2Leibniz-Institut für Polymerforschung Dresden e.V., Hohe Straβe 6, 01069 Dresden, Germany

Received 11 October 2011; Revised 25 January 2012; Accepted 2 February 2012

Academic Editor: Licínio M. Gando-Ferreira

Copyright © 2012 Ahmad Mousa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. A. Utracki, D. J. Walsh, and R. A. Weiss, “Polymer alloys, blends, and Ionomers: an overview,” in Multiphase Polymers: Blends and Ionomers, L. A. Utracki and R. A. Weiss, Eds., vol. 395 of ACS symposium Series, pp. 1–35, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, USA, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  2. K. T. Varughese, P. P. De, S. K. Sanyal, and S. K. De, “Miscible blends from plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) and epoxidized natural rubber,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 2537–2548, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Song, Q. Zheng, and C. Liu, “Green biocomposites from wheat gluten and hydroxyethyl cellulose: processing and properties,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 56–62, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. Siracusa, A. D. la Rosa, V. Siracusa, and M. Trovato, “Eco-compatible use of olive husk as filler in thermoplastic composites,” Journal of Polymers and the Environment, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 157–161, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Abu Bakar, A. Hassan, and A. F. M. Yusof, “Effect of oil palm empty fruit bunch and acrylic impact modifier on mechanical properties and prcessability of unplasticized poly (vinyl chloride) composites,” Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, vol. 44, pp. 1125–1137, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  6. H. D. Rozman, G. S. Tay, R. N. Kumar, A. Abusamah, H. Ismail, and Z. A. Mohd, “The effect of oil extraction of the oil palm empty fruit bunch on the mechanical properties of polypropylene-oil palm empty fruit bunch-glass fibre hybrid composites,” Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 103–115, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Z. A. M. Ishak, A. Aminullah, H. Ismail, and H. D. Rozman, “Effect of silane-based coupling agents and acrylic acid based compatibilizers on mechanical properties of oil palm empty fruit bunch filled high-density polyethylene composites,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 68, no. 13, pp. 2189–2203, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. Avérous and F. le Digabel, “Properties of biocomposites based on lignocellulosic fillers,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 480–493, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Mousa, G. Heinrich, U. Gohs, R. Hässler, and U. Wagenknecht, “Application of renewable agro-waste-based olive pomace on the mechanical and thermal performance of toughened PVC,” Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 1030–1040, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Mousa, G. Heinrich, and U. Wagenknecht, “Thermoplastic composites based on renewable natural resources: unplasticized PVC/olive husk,” International Journal of Polymeric Materials, vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 843–853, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. T. G. Vladkova, P. D. Dineff, and D. N. Gospodinova, “Wood flour: a new filler for the rubber processing industry. II. Cure characteristics and mechanical properties of NBR compounds filled with corona-treated wood flour,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 883–889, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. Fama, A. Mônica, B. Q. Bittante, P. J. A. Sobral, S. Goyanes, and L. N. Gerschenson, “Garlic powder and wheat bran as fillers: their effect on the physicochemical properties of edible biocomposites,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 853–859, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus