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International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 542426, 18 pages
Review Article

Biofuels Production from Biomass by Thermochemical Conversion Technologies

1Institut de Recherche et de Développement en Agroenvironnement Inc. (IRDA), 2700 Rue Einstein, QC, Canada G1P 3W8
2Centre de Recherche Industrielle du Québec (CRIQ), 333 Rue Franquet, QC, Canada G1C 4C7
3Le Centre Eau Terre Environnement, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS-ETE), 490 de la Couronne, QC, Canada G1K 9A9

Received 29 September 2011; Accepted 12 December 2011

Academic Editor: Santiago Esplugas

Copyright © 2012 M. Verma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Agricultural biomass as an energy resource has several environmental and economical advantages and has potential to substantially contribute to present days’ fuel demands. Currently, thermochemical processes for agricultural biomass to energy transformation seem promising and feasible. The relative advantage of thermochemical conversion over others is due to higher productivity and compatibility with existing infrastructure facilities. However, the majority of these processes are still under development phase and trying to secure a market share due to various challenges, right from suitable infrastructure, raw material, technical limitations, government policies, and social acceptance. The knowledge at hand suggests that biomass can become a sustainable and major contributor to the current energy demands, if research and development are encouraged in the field of thermochemical conversion for various agricultural biomass types. This paper intends to explore the physical and chemical characteristics of biofuel substitutes of fossil fuels, potential biomass sources, and process parameters for thermochemical conversion.