Advantages of thermochemical conversion of biomass over biological/biochemical process.
|(1) Effectively applied to almost any biomass feedstock||Involves the use of microbes, enzymes, and/or chemicals to utilize the limited range of biomass|
|(2) Relatively higher productivity (production per unit time) due to completely chemical nature of reaction||Productivity is limited due to biological conversion. Increase would require higher capital investment such as bigger reactor|
|(3) Multiple high-value products possible using fractional separation of products||Normally, limited to one or few products and would require additional microbial culture, enzymes for more products|
|(4) Independent of climate conditions, operates at much higher temperature range, therefore, effect of ambient temperature will be minimal||Mostly susceptible to ambient temperature, and so forth such as anaerobic digester, sunlight for algal ponds|
|(5) Mostly complete utilization of the waste/biomass||Production of secondary wastes such as biomass sludge|